Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri
Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri is a citizen of Yemen held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. Al Shamyri's Guantanamo detainee ID number is 434. The Department of Defense reports that Al Shamyri was born on July 7, 1978, in Sana'a, Yemen.
Held due to mistaken identity
At his 2015 Periodic Review Board hearing, the DoD acknowledged that they had realized that Shamyri had been held due to a misidentification. According to NBC News, Guantanamo analysts explained the identity confusion by admitting their colleagues had relied on "fragmentary reporting" that linked him to volunteering in the civil war that lead to Bosnian independence. With regard to the more serious allegations that had been used to justify his detention, they now admitted: "we now judge that these activities were carried out by other known extremists".
In January 2016, he was "cleared for release". This does not imply that he will actually be released; many other detainees that have been "cleared for release" have little prospect of ever obtaining their freedom.
Official status reviews
Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention. In 2004, the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.
Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants
Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants.
Scholars at the Brookings Institution, led by Benjamin Wittes, listed the captives still held in Guantanamo in December 2008, according to whether their detention was justified by certain common allegations:
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... are members of Al Qaeda."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... traveled to Afghanistan for jihad."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges that the following detainees stayed in Al Qaeda, Taliban or other guest- or safehouses."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... took military or terrorist training in Afghanistan."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... fought for the Taliban."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives whose "names or aliases were found on material seized in raids on Al Qaeda safehouses and facilities."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges that the following detainees were captured under circumstances that strongly suggest belligerency."
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the captives who was an "al Qaeda operative".
- Mustafa Abdul Qawi Abdul Aziz Al Shamyri was listed as one of the "82 detainees made no statement to CSRT or ARB tribunals or made statements that do not bear materially on the military's allegations against them."
- OARDEC (2006-05-15). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006". United States Department of Defense. http://www.dod.mil/news/May2006/d20060515%20List.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Greg Myre (2017-01-16). "10 Guantanamo Prisoners Freed In Oman; 45 Detainees Remain". National Public Radio. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/16/510089954/10-guantanamo-prisoners-freed-in-oman-45-detainees-remain. Retrieved 2017-01-17. "The freed prisoners were not identified by name or nationality, though the Oman News Agency, citing the country's Foreign Ministry, reported that the 10 had arrived in the country on Monday for "temporary residence.""
- Carol Rosenberg (2017-01-16). "U.S. sends 10 Guantánamo captives to Oman". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2017-01-17. https://web.archive.org/web/20170117150202/http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/guantanamo/article126793529.html. "A Pentagon official who spoke on condition of anonymity confirmed that the transfer had taken place, downsizing the detainee population to 45. Neither Oman nor the official provided the identities of the 10 men who were sent there."
- Carol Rosenberg (2017-01-16). "Victims of mistaken identity among the 10 sent from Guantánamo to Oman". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20170118032232/http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/guantanamo/article127055319.html. "A Pentagon statement did not explain why the Department of Defense chose to wait to identify the 10 men for more than a day after the Sultanate of Oman announced it had taken them in as "temporary" residents "in consideration to their humanitarian situation.""
- David Smith (2015-12-02). "Man held at Guantánamo for 13 years a case of mistaken identity". Mail and Guardian. http://mg.co.za/article/2015-12-02-man-held-at-guantanamo-for-13-years-a-case-of-mistaken-identity/. Retrieved 2015-12-02. "A man who has spent 13 years in the US prison camp at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, was arrested partly in a case of mistaken identity, US officials conceded Tuesday."
- Brinley Brutton. "Guantanamo Bay Detainee Is Case of Mistaken Identity: DoD by F. BRINLEY BRUTON". NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/guantanamo-bay-detainee-case-mistaken-identity-dod-n472616. Retrieved 2015-12-02. "A militant who fought for the Taliban in Afghanistan and has been held without charge at Guantanamo Bay for 13 years was largely the victim of mistaken identity, according to U.S. defense officials."
- Rosenberg, Carol (21 January 2016). "Guantánamo parole board clears Yemeni who was victim of mistaken identity". Miami Herald. http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/guantanamo/article55801630.html. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Carter, Jimmy (24 June 2012). "America's Shameful Human Rights Record". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/25/opinion/americas-shameful-human-rights-record.html.
- "U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use". USA Today. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-11. https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usatoday.com%2Fnews%2Fwashington%2F2007-10-11-guantanamo-combatants_N.htm&date=2012-08-11. "Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation."
- Guantánamo Prisoners Getting Their Day, but Hardly in Court, New York Times, November 11, 2004 - mirror Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Inside the Guantánamo Bay hearings: Barbarian "Justice" dispensed by KGB-style "military tribunals", Financial Times, December 11, 2004
- "Q&A: What next for Guantanamo prisoners?". BBC News. 2002-01-21. Archived from the original on 24 November 2008. https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.bbc.co.uk%2F2%2Fhi%2Famericas%2F1773140.stm&date=2008-11-24. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "The Current Detainee Population of Guantánamo: An Empirical Study". The Brookings Institution. 2008-12-16. Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. https://web.archive.org/web/20170519100934/https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/1216_detainees_wittes.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-16.