Suiso Frontier

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Suiso Frontier at Kawasaki Heavy Industries Kobe Shipyard October 18, 2020.

The Suiso Frontier is the world's first cyrogenic tanker designed to carry liquid hydrogen.[1] The vessel was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries as a technology demonstrator, to try to show that shipping industrial quantities of liquid hydrogen could play a significant role in the world's energy economy.[2]

The vessel is capable of carrying 1,250 cubic metres of liquid hydrogen in a single sperical insulated double walled tank.[1][3] She was completed in 2021. Her cruising speed is 13 knots, and she has capacity for a complement of 25.

Kawasaki finished special port facilities, in the port city of Kobe, Japan, to handle and store large volumes of liquid hydrogren, on January 22, 2021.[4] The storage tank built in the port has twice the capacity of the Suiso Frontier.

The vessel underwent over a year of tests before ClassNK was ready to certify it was ready to join Japan's merchant fleet.[5]

On December 24, 2021, the vessel left Kobe, Japan to pick up its first shipment of liquid hydrogen produced from brown coal gasification, from Australia.[6][7]

Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI) built the vessel as part of its membership in HySTRA (Hydrogen Energy Supply-Chain Technology Research Association).[8] The vessel will be operated by Shell/STASCO. The Kobe port facility (Hy touch Kobe), will be operated by Iwatani Corporation.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jasmine Ovcina (2021-03-21). "Suiso Frontier conducts berthing trial at Kobe LH2 Terminal". Offshore energy. Archived from the original on 2021-12-24. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "The vessel disposes 8,000 tons in gross tonnage and is designed to transport large quantities of liquefied hydrogen at 1/800 of its original gas-state volume, cooled to –253°C, over long distances by sea." 
  2. "World's First Liquefied Hydrogen Carrier SUISO FRONTIER Launches Building an International Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain Aimed at Carbon-free Society". Kawasaki Heavy Industries. 2019-12-11. Archived from the original on 2021-12-24. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "Once complete, the SUISO FRONTIER will be used for technology demonstration testing in Japanese FY 2020 aimed at the establishment of an international hydrogen energy supply chain*1 in which liquefied hydrogen produced in Australia will be shipped to Japan." 
  3. Takeo Kumagai (2021-12-15). "Japan-flagged Suiso Frontier set for world's first marine transport of liquefied hydrogen". S&P Global. Archived from the original on 2021-12-15. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "The 8,000 gross tonnes Suiso Frontier, the world's first liquefied hydrogen carrier with a cargo loading capacity of 1,250 cu m, is using one of the two storage tanks for carrying some 75 mt of liquefied hydrogen for this transport, the source said." 
  4. Jasmine Ovcina (2021-01-22). "Kawasaki Heavy Industries builds the world’s 1st liquefied hydrogen receiving terminal". Offshore energy. Archived from the original on 2021-12-24. Retrieved 2021-12-27. 
  5. Sam Chambers (2021-12-06). "World’s first liquefied hydrogen carrier readies for deployment". Splash 247. Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "The ship has been undergoing extensive tests for the past year. Japanese classification society ClassNK has just given the ship the green light, adding it to its register." 
  6. "Kawasaki Heavy says liquefied hydrogen carrier departs Japan for Australia". Reuters. 2021-12-24. Archived from the original on 2021-12-26. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "A one-way trip takes about 16 days." 
  7. Sanja Pekic (2021-12-24). "World’s 1st LH2 carrier Suiso Frontier departs for Australia". Offshore energy. Archived from the original on 2021-12-25. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "KHI built the world’s first liquefied hydrogen carrier Suiso Frontier last year. The shipbuilder has completed this under the CO2-free Hydrogen Energy Supply-chain Technology Research Association (HySTRA) membership." 
  8. "World’s first liquefied hydrogen carrier SUISO FRONTIER officially classified by ClassNK". Hydrogen Energy Supply-Chain Technology Research Association. 2021-12-03. Archived from the original on 2021-12-27. Retrieved 2021-12-27. "SUISO FRONTIER was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. and will be managed and operated by Shell/STASCO while transporting hydrogen produced in Australia by Electric Power Development Co., Ltd. (J-POWER) to Liquefied Hydrogen Receiving terminal "Hy touch Kobe”, which is managed and operated by Iwatani Corporation."