Charles Coxwell Small

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File:Houses overlooking-Smalls-Pond -a.jpg
Small's Pond was named after Charles Coxwell Small.

Charles Coxwell Small (b 1801) was a wealthy farmer and public official in Upper Canada.[1] Like his father, John Small, Small was the Chief Clerk of Upper Canada's Privy Council.[2]

In 1831 Small inherited extensive property from his father. This property included a 1 acre (Template:Convert/hectare) parcel between Front and King, and Ontario and what is now Berkeley, but was then known as Parliament Street, on the original townsite of York, Upper Canada (later Toronto), with a large house, called Berkeley House.[1][2]Template:Notetag Charles Coxwell Small added to the house, transforming it into what Beaches Living called a "mansion". When new Parliament buildings were built, elsewhere, the original Parliament Street was renamed Berkeley after the Small grand home.

He also inherited a 472 acres (Template:Convert/hectare) parcel bounded by what is now Queen, Coxwell, Danforth and Kingston Road, then outside of the city limits.

Coxwell Avenue is named after Charles Coxwell Small.[1] Small dammed the creek on his rural property, to harness the waterpower for a sawmill.[3] The large pond this created was named Small's Pond. The largest of the creeks he dammed was renamed Small's Creek.

Charles Coxwell Small had a son born in 1831, the year his father died, who he also named John Small, served in Parliaments of the Province of Canada and Canada.[4] His son was elected to Parliament of the Province of Canada for the riding of East Toronto Riding in 1855, and was later elected to the Parliament of Canada.




  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Digging up Toronto's Small History". Beaches Living. Retrieved 2016-08-01. "When John died in 1831, the property passed to his son, Charles Coxwell Small, who also inherited his father's clerkship." 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Dictionary of Canadian Biography: Small, John". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 2016-08-01. "He launched one son, James Edward*, on a successful career as a lawyer and reform politician; the youngest, Charles Coxwell, succeeded him in the clerkship of the crown and pleas as well as in his militia commission. His house at York, handsomely rebuilt by Charles Coxwell, stood until 1925." 
  3. M. Jane Fairburn (2013). Along the Shore: Rediscovering Toronto's Waterfront Heritage. ECW Press. p. 142. ISBN 9781770410992. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  4. George Maclean Rose - (1886). A Cyclopedia of Canadian Biography: Being Chiefly Men of the Time. A Collection of Persons Distinguished in Professional and Political Life ; Leaders in the Commerce and Industry of Canada, and Successful Pioneers, Volume 1. Rose Publishing Company. p. 439. Retrieved 2016-08-02. "Charles Coxwell Small." 
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