Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a Southeast Asian nation bordered by Myanmar to the north and northwest, Laos and Cambodia to the east, Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. With a population of over 70 million, it is the 20th most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city is Bangkok.
Thailand has a rich and complex history dating back centuries. It was originally known as Siam and has been ruled by various kingdoms and empires throughout its existence. In the 19th century, it became a constitutional monarchy and adopted the name Thailand in 1939. The country has experienced periods of political instability and military coups, but has also seen significant economic development in recent decades.
Thailand is a diverse country with a variety of landscapes, including mountains, forests, plains, and beaches. The northern region is mountainous, while the central plains are home to rice paddies and fertile agricultural land. The southern peninsula is known for its beaches and islands.
Thailand has a tropical climate with three distinct seasons: hot and dry (March-May), rainy (June-October), and cool (November-February). The temperatures vary depending on the region, but are generally hot and humid throughout the year.
Thailand is a developing country with a mixed economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and agriculture are the main economic sectors. The country has experienced steady economic growth in recent years, but faces challenges such as income inequality and political instability.
Thai culture is known for its hospitality, respect for elders, and strong ties to Buddhism. The country has a rich artistic tradition, with beautiful temples, palaces, and sculptures. Thai cuisine is known for its use of spices and herbs, and is popular around the world.
Theravada Buddhism is the dominant religion in Thailand, practiced by over 90% of the population. Islam, Christianity, and other religions are also practiced in the country.
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with a king as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. The government is currently led by a military junta following a coup in 2014.
Thai is the official language of Thailand. English is also spoken in tourist areas and business circles.