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File:Maple leaf in fall.jpg
Maple leaf in October.

October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old calendar of Romulus c. 750 BC{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|preview=Page using Template:Circa with unknown parameter "_VALUE_"|ignoreblank=y| 1 | 2 | i | lk | sortable }}, October retained its name (from Latin and Greek ôctō meaning "eight") after January and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October 5, Meditrinalia October 11, Augustalia on October 12, October Horse on October 15, and Armilustrium on October 19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Among the Anglo-Saxons, it was known as Winterfylleth (Ƿinterfylleþ), because at this full moon, winter was supposed to begin.[1]

October is commonly associated with the season of spring in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, and autumn in parts of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa.

October symbols

October observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

File:Beata Vergine Maria, Madonna del Rosario.jpg
Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, whose devotion and Feast are celebrated in October

Non-Gregorian observances: Template:CURRENTISOYEAR dates

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Month-long observances

United States

The last two to three weeks in October (and, occasionally, the first week of November) are normally the only time of the year during which all of the "Big Four" major professional sports leagues in the U.S. and Canada schedule games; the National Basketball Association begins its preseason and about two weeks later starts the regular season, the National Hockey League is about one month into its regular season, the National Football League is about halfway through its regular season, and Major League Baseball is in its postseason with the League Championship Series and World Series. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, which necessitated changes to the sporting calendar and led to the four leagues' schedules coinciding earlier and more frequently than normal, there were 19 occasions in which all four leagues played games on the same day (an occurrence popularly termed a sports equinox), with the most recent of these taking place on October 27, 2019.[19][20] Additionally, the Canadian Football League is typically nearing the end of its regular season during this period, while Major League Soccer is beginning the MLS Cup Playoffs.

United States, Health-related
United States, Culinary

Movable observances, 2022 dates

October 2

First Sunday: October 2

First Full Week: October 2–8

First Monday: October 3

First Tuesday: October 4

First Wednesday: October 5

First Thursday: October 6

First Friday: October 7

Second Saturday: October 8

Second Sunday: October 9

Week of October 9: October 9–15

Week of October 10: October 9–15

Second Monday: October 10

Second Tuesday: October 11

Second Wednesday: October 12

Wednesday of second full week in October: October 12

Second Thursday: October 13

Second Friday: October 14

Third Saturday: October 15

Third Sunday: October 16

Third Monday: October 17

Third Thursday: October 20

Fourth Saturday: October 22

Week of Fourth Wednesday: October 23–29

Fourth Monday: October 24

Fourth Wednesday: October 26

Last Friday: October 28

Last Sunday: October 30

Last Monday: October 31

Fixed observances


External links

  1. Template:Cite EB1911
  2. "Gemstone Leaflet". Jewelers of America. http://www.jewelers.org/pdf/ConsEdcn/Gemstone%20Leaflets.pdf. 
  3. SHG Resources. "Birth Months, Flowers, and Gemstones". SHG Resources. http://www.shgresources.com/gems/birthflowers/. 
  4. The Earth passes the junction of the signs at 22:59 UT/GMT October 22, 2020, and will pass it again at 04:51 UT/GMT October 23, 2021.
  5. Astrology Calendar, https://www.yourzodiacsign.com/calendar/ . Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  6. "To Benjamin Franklin from Alexandre Pochard, 11 October 1776". https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-22-02-0385. "Montreal Le 11 8bre. 1776." 
  7. "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Special Devotions For Months". Newadvent.org. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10542a.htm. 
  8. "Health Literacy Month – Finding the Right Words for Better Health". http://www.healthliteracymonth.org/. 
  9. "SDMS Medical Ultrasound Awareness Month". http://www.sdms.org/resources/muam. 
  10. "Home - Rettsyndrome.org". http://www.rettsyndrome.org/get-involved/october-awareness-month. 
  11. [1] 8, 2007/https://web.archive.org/web/20070208072923/http://www.aao.org/aao/patients/eyemd/world_blindness.cfm Archived February 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. "Hultin G. Why Celebrate Vegetarian Awareness Month? Food & Nutrition, October 7, 2014, Accessed November 14, 2018". 13 October 2021. https://foodandnutrition.org/blogs/stone-soup/celebrate-vegetarian-awareness-month/. 
  13. "Vegetarian Awareness Month: Celebrating Meatless Mindfulness, Oldways website, September 28, 2017, Accessed November 14, 2018". https://oldwayspt.org/blog/vegetarian-awareness-month-celebrating-meatless-mindfulness. 
  14. "World Vegetarian Day, October 1. North American Vegetarian Society (the North American WVD sponsor explains that "World Vegetarian Day [on] October 1st is the annual kick-off of Vegetarian Awareness Month", accessed November 14, 2018". https://worldvegetarianday.navs-online.org/. 
  15. "Palmer S. World Vegetarian Awareness Month. Vegan Outreach website, October 2, 2017, Accessed November 14, 2018". 3 October 2017. https://veganoutreach.org/world-vegetarian-awareness-month/. 
  16. "October is National Vegetarian Awareness Month. Fix.com. October 1, 2014, Accessed November 14, 2018". https://www.fix.com/blog/national-vegetarian-awareness-month/. 
  17. "Celebrate Vegetarian Awareness Month. Fruits & Veggies: More Matters. Monday, October 14, 2013, at 4:00 am. Accessed November 14, 2018". https://www.fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org/celebrate-vegetarian-awareness-month. 
  18. "Gerber J. 9 Easy Wasys to Celebrate Vegetarian Awareness Month. Care2. October 1, 2012. Accessed November 14, 2018". https://www.care2.com/greenliving/easy-ways-to-celebrate-vegetarian-awareness-month.html. 
  19. "Which games to pick for Sunday's 'Sports Equinox'". October 27, 2019. https://www.espn.com/chalk/story/_/id/27938231/which-games-pick-sunday-sports-equinox. 
  20. Busbee, Jay (September 9, 2020). "One day, four sports: The sports equinox is upon us". Yahoo! Sports. https://www.yahoo.com/now/one-day-four-sports-the-sports-equinox-is-upon-us-113036292.html. 
  21. "American Archives Month" (in en). National Archives. 2017-06-22. https://www.archives.gov/news/topics/american-archives-month. 
  22. "October is Adopt a Shelter Dog Month". ASPCA. http://www.aspca.org/adopt/adopt-a-shelter-dog-month. 
  23. "About NCSAM". http://www.staysafeonline.info/content/about-ncsam. 
  24. "American Pharmacists Month 2011". Pharmacist.com. http://www.pharmacist.com/aphm. 
  25. "Little People of the World". https://www.littlepeopleoftheworld.org/dwarfism-awareness. [dead link]
  26. "Little People of America". http://www.lpaonline.org/dwarfism-awareness-month-press-release. 
  27. "Eczema Awareness Month – National Eczema Association". National Eczema Association. http://nationaleczema.org/get-involved/eczema-awareness-month/. 
  28. "ADHA – October is National Dental Hygiene Month". Adha.org. http://www.adha.org/ndhm/. 
  29. "Healthy Lung Month – Lung problems". 5 October 2012. https://www.healthstatus.com/health_blog/copd/healthy-lung-month/. 
  30. "Observing Infertility Awareness Month". Library.adoption.com. http://library.adoption.com/resources-and-information/observing-infertility-awareness-month/article/574/1.html. 
  31. "Liver Awareness Month". 4 August 2017. http://www.liverfoundation.org/education/liverlowdown/ll1013/lam/. 
  32. [2] 21, 2007/https://web.archive.org/web/20071121102210/http://www.lupus.org/education/LAM_main.html Archived November 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  33. APTA | National Physical Therapy Month 5, 2009/https://web.archive.org/web/20090105123101/http://www.apta.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=National_PT_Month&Template=%2FTaggedPage%2FTaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=155&ContentID=28220 Archived January 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  34. "Spina Bifida Association – Spina Bifida Association". Sbaa.org. http://www.sbaa.org/site/c.gpILKXOEJqG/b.2016945/k.2321/Spina_Bifida_Association_Web_site.htm. 
  35. "October is SIDS Awareness Month". https://www.nichd.nih.gov/news/resources/spotlight/Pages/102014-october-SIDS.aspx. 
  36. "National Pizza Month". Pizza.com. http://pizza.com/news/national-pizza-month/. 
  37. "Popcorn Poppin' Month". Popcorn.org. http://www.popcorn.org/AboutUs/PopcornPoppinMonth/tabid/72/Default.aspx. 
  38. "October is National Pork Month". ThePigSite. 2007-10-02. http://www.thepigsite.com/swinenews/15806/octobers-national-pork-month. 
  39. "NOAA Fisheries Celebrates National Seafood Month". NOAA.gov. 2017-10-01. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/stories/2017/10/national-seafood-month-2017.html. 
  40. Szoó, Attila (26 October 2020). ""Brussels should pay attention to the Szeklers" – Day of Szekler Autonomy". Transylvania Now. https://transylvanianow.com/brussels-should-pay-attention-to-the-szeklers-day-of-szekler-autonomy/. 
  41. "Diversity – UMUC". http://www.umuc.edu/diversity/german.cfm. 
  42. "October doth before us go (feat. Leisha Stevens)". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ic78D0yLNUw. 
  43. "October doth before us go (feat. Leisha Stevens)". https://www.amazon.com/October-Before-feat-Leisha-Stevens/dp/B08MCLKQVH. 


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