Mohammed Souleimani Laalami
Mohammed Souleimani Laalami (born March 4, 1965) is a citizen of Morocco, held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. Laalami's Guantanamo detainee ID number is 237. The Department of Defense reports he was born on March 4, 1965, in Casablanca, Morocco. He arrived in Guantanamo on February 8, 2002, and was repatriated on February 7, 2006.
Official status reviews
Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention. In 2004 the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.
Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants
Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants. According to official policy the 520 captives who, like Laalami, had their "enemy combatant" status confirmed in 2004, should have had a annual followup hearings convened. Laalami should have had a followup status review convened by OARDEC in 2005, but there is no record that one was convened.
A one page Summary of Evidence was drafted on August 17, 2004. The allegations that memo listed included that: he was "recruited" in Morocco; that he traveled to Afghanistan for "jihad"; that he attended the Al Farouq training camp; that he was trained to use the Kalashnikov and the "RPG-PK pistol"; and that he carried a rifle and pulled guard duty during the battle of Tora Bora, where he was captured.
Mohammed chose to participate in his Combatant Status Review Tribunal. The Department of Defense published a three page summarized transcript.
Mohammed was confused over whether the Tribunal was a court of law, and wanted to know what crimes he was being charged with.
Mohammed denied that he was recruited in Morocco. Mohammed denied that he being trained at the al Farouq training camp. He claimed he made these confessions, in Afghanistan, when he was first captured, and was being beaten and threatened with death. He claimed both Afghans and Americans beat him during his interrogations in Afghanistan.
Mohammed traveled to Afghanistan, with his family, on a religious pilgrimage. When asked if he visited holy sites in Afghanistan he explained: "Pilgrimage can mean it is for religion, but I meant when you leave a place for good it is a pilgrimage."
Formerly secret Joint Task Force Guantanamo assessment
On April 25, 2011, whistleblower organization WikiLeaks published formerly secret assessments drafted by Joint Task Force Guantanamo analysts. His assement was two pages long, and was drafted on December 27, 2003. The assessment was signed by camp commandant Geoffrey D. Miller, who recommended continue detention in Guantanamo.
Laalami was repatriated on February 7, 2006, with two other Moroccan captives, Najib Lahssini and Mohamed Ouali. The La Gazette du Maroc reported on February 27, 2006, that his two companions had been released on parole, but that Laalami remained in detention.
On November 10, 2006 Laalami and two other Moroccans said to be former Guantanamo detainees, were sentenced by a Moroccan court. Laalami, was sentenced for a five year term, for starting a "criminal group". The other two Moroccans, named Najib Mohammad Lahassimi and Mohammed Ouali,
Death fighting the Assad regime celebrated
Carol Rosenberg, writing in the Miami Herald, reported that Syrian rebel leader Sheik Abu Ahmad al Muhajir gave a eulogy for "Mohammed al Alami", as did another former Moroccan detainee at Guantanamo Bay, Ibrahim Bin Shakran. Rosenberg wrote that he was the first former Guantanamo captives who was known to have died in Syria. She wrote that rumors that a former captive had died there had circulated, since August 5, 2013, but his identity had only recently been firmly established, when videos of the eulogies started to circulate.
- "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006". United States Department of Defense. http://www.dod.mil/news/May2006/d20060515%20List.pdf. Retrieved 2006-05-15. 16x16px Works related to List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006 at Wikisource
- "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)". Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas, from DoD data. Archived from the original on 2008-11-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20081109191207/http://humanrights.ucdavis.edu/resources/library/documents-and-reports/gtmo_heightsweights.pdf.
- OARDEC (2008-10-09). "Consolidate chronological listing of GTMO detainees released, transferred or deceased". Department of Defense. http://www.dod.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/09-F-0031_doc1.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- Margot Williams (2008-11-03). "Guantanamo Docket: Mohammed Souleimani Laalami". New York Times. http://projects.nytimes.com/guantanamo/detainees/237-mohammed-souleimani-laalami. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- Guantánamo Prisoners Getting Their Day, but Hardly in Court, New York Times, November 11, 2004 - mirror
- Inside the Guantánamo Bay hearings: Barbarian "Justice" dispensed by KGB-style "military tribunals", Financial Times, December 11, 2004
- "Annual Administrative Review Boards for Enemy Combatants Held at Guantanamo Attributable to Senior Defense Officials". United States Department of Defense. March 6, 2007. http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=3902. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
- "U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use". USA Today. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-11. http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-10-11-guantanamo-combatants_N.htm. "Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation."
- http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf#page=72 OARDEC (2004). "Summarized Detainee Statement under Affirmation (ISN 237)". United Stated Department of Defense. pp. 72-73. Archived from the original on 2006-03-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20060309155243/http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- Christopher Hope, Robert Winnett, Holly Watt, Heidi Blake (2011-04-27). "WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Bay terrorist secrets revealed -- Guantanamo Bay has been used to incarcerate dozens of terrorists who have admitted plotting terrifying attacks against the West – while imprisoning more than 150 totally innocent people, top-secret files disclose". The Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8471907/WikiLeaks-Guantanamo-Bay-terrorist-secrets-revealed.html. Retrieved 2012-07-13. "The Daily Telegraph, along with other newspapers including The Washington Post, today exposes America’s own analysis of almost ten years of controversial interrogations on the world’s most dangerous terrorists. This newspaper has been shown thousands of pages of top-secret files obtained by the WikiLeaks website."
- "WikiLeaks: The Guantánamo files database". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/guantanamo-bay-wikileaks-files/8476672/WikiLeaks-The-Guantanamo-files-database.html. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Mohamad Souleimani Laalmai: Guantanamo Bay detainee file on Mohamad Souleimani Laalmai, US9MO-000237DP, passed to the Telegraph by Wikileaks". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/guantanamo-bay-wikileaks-files/8477152/Guantanamo-Bay-detainee-file-on-Mohamad-Souleimani-Laalmai-US9MO-000237DP.html. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- Geoffrey D. Miller (2003-12-27). "Recommendation for Continued Detention Under DoD Control (CD) for Guantanamo Detainee, ISN US9AG". Joint Task Force Guantanamo. http://wikileaks.ch/gitmo/pdf/mo/us9mo-000237dp.pdf. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 16x16px Media related to File:ISN 00237, Suleiman M Al Alami's Guantanamo detainee assessment.pdf at Wikimedia Commons
- Youssef Chmirou (2006-02-27). "Liberté provisoire pour Ouali et Lahssini [Bail for Ouali and Lahssini]" (in French). La Gazette du Maroc. Archived from the original on 2013-09-18. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lagazettedumaroc.com%2Farticles.php%3Fid_artl%3D9185&date=2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "Reste seul Mohamed Slimani Alami, retenu à la prison civile de Salé (lire l’entretien avec sa mère Zahra Zgani) pour complément d’enquête. Pour cette dernière, elle ne croit pas que son fils ait eu la capacité intellectuelle et psychologique de jouer un rôle actif dans un réseau terroriste aussi virulent et aussi résolu qu’est Al Qaida."
- Morocco sentences three former Guantanamo detainees, The Jurist, November 12, 2006
- Morocco Jails 3 Ex-Guantanamo Detainees, Associated Press, November 10, 2006
- Rabat jails ex-Guantanamo detainees, Al Jazeera, November 12, 2006
- Andy Worthington (2007-11-27). "The Guantánamo Files: Website Extras (2) – Tora Bora". http://www.andyworthington.co.uk/the-guantanamo-files-website-extras-tora-bora/. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "In November 2006, he was convicted of setting up a “criminal gang,” being active in an unauthorized group and taking part in unauthorized gatherings. He was sentenced to five years in prison, but the sentence was quashed on appeal in May 2007, when he was, effectively, cleared of all the charges against him."
- Carol Rosenberg. "Ex-Guantánamo detainee dies fighting Assad in Syria". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. http://web.archive.org/liveweb/http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/09/17/3633584/ex-guantanamo-detainee-dies-fighting.html. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "The Syrian Islamic Movement posted the video Monday on YouTube. It shows the body of a fallen fighter in his 30s or 40s and a rebel leader, Sheik Abu Ahmad al Muhajir, eulogizing the man as Mohammed al Alami, a Northwest African veteran of the jihad in Afghanistan “who went through hardship for the sake of God in the prison of the Americans in Guantánamo for five years.”"