Mikhail Chigorin club
Mikhail Chigorin's club is a symbolic club uniting chess players from all over the world who have won at least one game with classical time control in the official competition against the world champion at the time of holding this title. The results of consulting, thematic and training tournaments are not taken into account. A chess player who once won the title of world champion according to the classical version, withdraws from the club. The club was created on the initiative of Vitaly Gnirenko, a chess player from Rostov-on-Don and named after the Russian chess player Mikhail Chigorin (1850-1908), who on January 20, 1889 was the first to defeat the world chess champion Wilhelm Steinitz and beat him in 13 games, but he never managed to become the world champion. For the first time, an article describing the principle of selection to the club and an extract from the chronological register of club members was published in the magazine "64 - Chess Review", № 1, 2012. As of July 31, 2018, there were 16 world champions in the history of chess in the classical version. The first was Wilhelm Steinitz, and on November 22, 2013, Magnus Carlsen became the sixteenth. Only the victory over a classic world champion allows to become a member of the Mikhail Chigorin club. Victories over other versions of world championships do not count for membership in the club.
It is prestigious for any chess player to win the world champion at the official competition with classical control. This goal has not been achieved by many outstanding grandmasters of the past, such as Rudolf Spielmann, Aron Nimzowitsch, Géza Maróczy, Salo Flohr, Leonid Stein and Lev Polugaevsky. Alexander Khalifman(1999-2000) and Rustam Kasimdzhanov (2004-2005) never won a classical world chess champion according to the FIDE system. Among the modern chess players who are among the top ten in Elo rating, as of July 31, 2018, Ding Liren and Anish Giri have not yet won such victories. No woman chess player, including Vera Menchik and Judith Polgar, who have excellent results in men's competitions, have such an achievement. At the same time, many chess players who have won sensational victories over the world championships are forgotten. The main purpose of creating the club of Mikhail Chigorin is to preserve the names of all those who have won at least once the reigning world champion in the history of chess. The first mention of the club in the press was given in the republican newspaper "Turkmen spark" dated June 3, 1995. The published article was written on the basis of a letter from Vitaly Gnirenko to local master Anatoly Kudryashov, who had defeated the world champion Tigran Petrosyan in 1967. In January 2017, the first issue of the chess bulletin "Mikhail Chigorin's Club" was published in Rostov-on-Don. The material of the bulletin in A4 format is available in Russian and English. As of July 31, 2018, there were 110 chess players at the Mikhail Chigorin Club, since the establishment of the title "World Chess Champion" in 1886. 14 world champions lost membership in the club. Wilhelm Steinitz and Anatoly Karpov were never the members of the club.
Mikhail Chigorin is the most successful in terms of the number of victories over the world championships. He has 15 victories. He beat Wilhelm Steinitz 14 times and he beat Emanuel Lasker once. A unique member of the club is the FIDE world champion from Bulgaria, grandmaster Veselin Topalov (2005-2006), who has beaten four world champions in the classical version: twice Garry Kasparov, four times Vladimir Kramnik, three times Viswanathan Anand and twice Magnus Carlsen. The career of the strongest English chess player of the end of the 19th century Joseph Blackburne (1841-1924) is distinguished by examples of sports longevity. At the age of 53, he defeated world champion Emanuel Lasker for the first time at a tournament in Hastings (1895) and again four years later at a tournament in London (1899). The American grandmaster Gata Kamsky (born 1974) became the youngest member of the club in 1992 at a tournament in Dortmund, beating world champion Garry Kasparov before reaching the age of 18. The shortest game was won by Grandmaster Vladimir Liberzon (1937-1996), the world champion, in 1964. Tigran Petrosyan resigned on the 15th move.
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- "Mallard, D. How to beat the world champion? - 10.11.2015
- Chigorin Club replenishment 18.11.2015
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- Gnirenko, V. From Mikhail Chigorin to Jan Nepomniashchy // 64 - Chess Review. 2018. № 2. С. 90—91.
- Mikhail Chigorin's Club Website: https://chigorinsclub.wordpress.com
- 64 — Chess Review. 2012. № 1. pp. 82.
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- "Mikhail Chigorin Club"
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