Hanumappa Sudarshan

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Hanumappa Sudarshan

Dr. Sudarshan, a well-known social worker and tribal activist recognised for his work with the Soligas in BR Hills
Born 30 December 1950 (1950-12-30) (age 73)[1]
Yemalur, Karnataka, India
Nationality Indian
Other names Dr. Sudarshan
Occupation Doctor
Organization Sudarshan Army, Karuna Trust (India)
Known for Public Health, Tribal rights, Activism, Gandhism
Awards Right Livelihood Award

Dr. Hanumappa Sudarshan (born 30 December 1950) is an Indian social worker and tribal rights activist. He is well known for his contributions to the upliftment of the forest dwelling tribes (mainly Soligas) in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka. He is also a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award and the Padma Shri.[2][3]

Early life and education

Sudarshan was born in Yemalur on the outskirts of Bangalore. He graduated from Bangalore Medical College and became a medical doctor in the year 1973. He is also an Adjunct Professor at IGNOU.[1]


After graduation, he joined the charitable health institutions of Ramakrishna Mission which took him to the Himalayas of Uttar Pradesh, Belur Math in West Bengal and Ponnampet in Karnataka as part of the job.[4] Instead of pursuing a medical practice in the cities, he decided to work with tribal communities and in 1980, he started the Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra for the integrated development of the tribals in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka.[2] He is also the founder and Honorary Secretary of the Karuna Trust, which is dedicated to rural development in the states of Karnataka and Arunachal Pradesh. He claims inspiration from the man-making and nation-building ideals of Swami Vivekananda. He advocates Gandhian ideals for rural development.[5]

Sudarshan Army

Indian poet Shaunak Chakraborty got impressed by his ideology and work towards society so he decided to establish a non profit organization named Sudarshan Army on 30 July 2019 which got its name from him.[6] This organization completely run on his ideology which is gandhism.

Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra (VGKK)

VGKK is an organisation with a mission of Sustainable development of tribal people through rights-based approaches to health, education, livelihood security and biodiversity conservation.[7] Founded in October 1981 by Dr. Sudarshan, VGKK has worked with tribals in the Chamarijanagar district and Mysore district of Karnataka and also with tribals in the states of Tamil Nadu, Arunachal Pradesh and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and has interacted with about 20,000 people. The organisation has always had a tribal youth as its President. Jadeya Gowda, one of the first few children who was taught by Dr. Sudarshan, is the President. He did a graduation and post-graduation in agriculture and is doing his PhD at the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.

VGKK runs a 450 pupil school for the tribes of B R Hills where the students are provided education equivalent to that provided in the urban areas. Subjects related to the tribal welfare such as environmental issues, tribal values and culture are also a part of the curriculum. VGKK also has a vocational training institute where 16 crafts are taught. As a result of the efforts of VGKK, about 60% of the Soliga tribe now get a minimum of 300 days of employment per year from the Forest Department of Karnataka and other agencies.[3] VGKK also has a system of co-operatives which employ the tribals directly and it has also made an effort towards sustainable extraction of non-timber products and creation of tribal enterprises to process them.

VGKK is an established voluntary agency recognised by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India.

Karuna Trust

Started in the year 1986 by Dr. Sudarshan, Karuna Trust (India) is an organisation involved with integrated rural development and is affiliated to VGKK.[8] The prevalence of leprosy in Yelandur Taluk of Chamarajanagar district was the motivation to start this trust. Another focus area for this trust is education and livelihood improvement. Karuna Trust runs 72 Primary Health Care (PHC) Centres in all the districts of the state of Karnataka and Arunachal Pradesh. The organisation promotes Public Private Partnership with NGOs on a non-profit basis to achieve primary health care.

Positions held

Dr. Sudarshan has held many positions in his career, prominent among them being, the chairmanship of the Task Force on Health and Family Welfare organised by Government of Karnataka, the Task Force on Public Private Partnership organised by National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) of Government of India and Institute of Health management & Research (IHMR), Bangalore.[4] He was also associated as a member of Working Group 6 on Macro-economics & Health organised by the World Health Organization and was also a Steering Group member of the Planning Commission on the Empowerment of Scheduled Tribes in India's 11th Five Year Plan. He has also been the Vigilance Director for the Karnataka Lokayukta, an ombudsman organisation. During his tenure, he adopted a method of regular visits and raids to several Government departments and earned critical acclaim for this.[9]



  • To eliminate disease you have to remove poverty. The only way to do that, I have realised, is to organise the people for their rights.[3]
  • The so-called civilised society has a lot to learn from the tribals.[3]
  • Corruption is at various levels: In medical education, starting from joining the medical college — you can buy a seat, you can buy the examiner, the examination system, you can buy the question papers. This is much less now with the University trying to bring in some reforms, but still, in the viva-voce and practical, many people continue to pay and pass; we are not sure if we have plugged that.[13]
  • There are no pills for poverty.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Bio-data of Dr. Sudarshan from the website of Karuna Trust DOC
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Roll of Honour for Dr. Sudarshan on his receiving the Right Livelihood Award is presented by "Roll of Honour". Online Webpage of the Right Livelihood Awards Organisation. Right Livelihood Awards Organisation. http://www.rightlivelihood.org/recip/sudarshan.htm. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 A biography of Dr. Sudarshan is provided by "Dr. H Sudarshan". Online Webpage of Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra(VGKK). 2006, Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra. http://www.vgkk.org/Dr.H.Sudarshan.htm. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 A biodata of Dr. Sudarshan is presented by "Bio-data". Online Webpage of the Institute of Health Systems. Institute of Health Systems. http://www.ihsnet.org.in/PHL_180803/SudershanBiodata.PDF. 
  5. Urs, R. "On an untrodden path" The Hindu, Bangalore, 26 August 2005.
  6. "About us". https://sudarshanarmy.co.in/p/about-us.html. 
  7. Overview of Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra is provided by "Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra". Online Webpage of the Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra. 2006, Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra. http://www.vgkk.org. 
  8. Overview of Karuna trust is provided by "Karuna Trust". Online Webpage of the Karuna Trust. 2006, Karuna Trust. http://www.karunatrust.org/. 
  9. Lokayukta's surprise visits "Article on Lokayukta raids". From website of Our Karnataka. http://www.ourkarnataka.com/Articles/starofmysore/raids.htm. 
  10. Profile of Dr. Sudarshan on the Ashoka Fellows Website LINK February 2009/https://web.archive.org/web/20090224151646/http://www.ashoka.org/node/2539 Archived February 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. "Harmony Foundation to host Mother Teresa awards on Nov 9". dna. Diligent Media Corporation Ltd.. 8 November 2014. http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-harmony-foundation-to-host-mother-teresa-awards-on-nov-9-2033089. 
  12. "Mother Teresa Awards given to promoters of social justice". Catholic News Agency. http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/mother-teresa-awards-given-to-promoters-of-social-justice/. 
  13. Interview with Dr. Sudarshan by "Public health being revamped". Online webpage of IndiaTogether.org, June 2002. IndiaTogether.org. http://www.indiatogether.org/health/interviews/khtf-apr02.htm. 

External links

Template:Padma Shri Award Recipients in Social Work