|The below content is licensed according to Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License contrary to the public domain logo at the foot of the page. It originally appeared on http://en.wikipedia.org. The original article might still be accessible here. You may be able to find a list of the article's previous contributors on the talk page.|
Template:Tweet Template:Tweet Hoda Muthana (born October 28, 1994) is an American-born woman who left to join ISIS in November 2014, using funds her parents had provided for her college tuition. She left her home in Alabama, following the instructions of an online contact, and made her way to an area occupied by jihadists. She surrendered in January 2019 to coalition forces fighting ISIS in Syria and is, as of February 2019, requesting to return to the United States. President Donald Trump instructed Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to deny her re-entry.
In an interview with The New York Times, Muthana described how newly arrived female sympathizers like her were made to surrender their cell phones, and confined to a locked barracks, where they were held available as potential brides for jihadi fighters. She married Suhan Rahman, an Australian jihadist who went by the name Abu Jihad Al-Australi in December 2014. Her Twitter account, @ZumarulJannah, advocated terror attacks against civilians in the United States and encouraged more residents to travel to ISIS-controlled territory and support the caliphate. She now claims that her twitter account was taken from her and that radical tweets were written by others. Rahman was killed in Syria in March of 2015. She then married a Tunisian fighter and gave birth to a son.
Muthana stated that she began to question her allegiance to the caliphate around this time. Her second husband was killed fighting in Mosul in 2017. She fled from Raqqa to Mayadin to Hajin and, finally, to Shafa in eastern Syria. She married and divorced a third man around this time. Muthana made friends with Kimberley Gwen Polman a joint citizen of Canada and the United States, when the jihadi enclave had shrunk to just a few square miles. Food was so scarce that they were reduced to boiling grass for nourishment. They agreed to try to escape the enclave, although Polman said her first attempt to defect had lead to her being imprisoned, tortured and raped. She escaped from Shafa and surrendered to American troops on January 10, 2019. Both Muthana and Polman were placed in the Al-Hawl refugee camp, in Syria. The pair have expressed their desire to return to the United States.
Buzzfeed conducted an interview with Muthana, her father, and a friend in 2015. They reported that after her father gave her a cell phone, she created a twitter account her parents didn't know about, which eventually gained thousands of followers. The friend they interviewed said she may have been one of the only people who knew her in both real life and through twitter. Buzzfeed respected her friend's desire to remain anonymous. She said that there was a gulf between Muthana's real world self and the more radical persona she adopted on Twitter, offering as an example that Muthana claimed she had worn modest jilbābs and abayas since eighth grade, when she had only adopted modest dress recently.
Template:Tweet President Trump instructed Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to not allow her back into the country. Pompeo released a press statement that read: "Ms. Hoda Muthana is not a U.S. citizen and will not be admitted into the United States. She does not have any legal basis, no valid U.S. passport, no right to a passport, nor any visa to travel to the United States. We continue to strongly advise all U.S. citizens not to travel to Syria." Stephen Vladeck, a professor at the University of Texas School of Law, said: "I gather that the government's argument is that she was born to a diplomat who was in the United States on official business, and so was not entitled to birthright citizenship. That's correct as a matter of law if it's true, but it's not true just because the government says so". Her lawyer, Charlie Swift, an expert in national security law, and Constitutional Law, disputes the government's argument regarding birthright citizenship, asserting her father was discharged from his diplomatic position a month before she was born. On February 21, 2019, Muthana's father, Ahmed Ali Muthana, filed an emergency lawsuit, asking the federal government to affirm Muthana's citizenship and allow her to return to the United States.
- Rukmini Callimachi, Catherine Porter (2019-02-19). "2 American Wives of ISIS Militants Want to Return Home". The New York Times (al Hawl Camp, Syria): p. A1. Archived from the original on 2019-02-20. https://web.archive.org/web/20190220173050/https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/19/us/islamic-state-american-women.html. "Ms. Muthana and Ms. Polman acknowledged in the interview here that many Americans would question whether they deserved to be brought back home after joining one of the world’s deadliest terrorist groups."
- "An American ISIS Militant Wife Who Left For Syria Now Wants To Come Back Home". News World India. 2019-02-20. https://m.dailyhunt.in/news/india/english/news+world-epaper-newswore/an+american+isis+militant+wife+who+left+for+syria+now+wants+to+come+back+home-newsid-109254016. Retrieved 2019-02-20. "After she was smuggled in Caliphate, Hoda Muthana, posted a photograph on Twitter holding her American passport. "Bonfire soon," she promised."
- Leada Gore (2016-04-19). "What happened to Hoda Muthana, Alabama girl who joined ISIS?". AL.com. https://www.al.com/news/2016/04/what_happened_to_hoda_muthana.html. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "Muthana herself has been identified as one of the operators of a series of online accounts that encourage American Muslims to rise up against their own country."
- Martin Chulov, Bethan McKernan (2019-02-17). "Hoda Muthana 'deeply regrets' joining Isis and wants to return home". The Guardian (al-Hawl, Syria). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/17/us-woman-hoda-muthana-deeply-regrets-joining-isis-and-wants-return-home. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "For many months in 2015, her Twitter feed was full of bloodcurdling incitement, and she says she remained a zealot until the following year. She now says her account was taken over by others."
- Davey, Melissa (2015-03-18). "Australian Isis recruit Suhan Rahman reportedly killed fighting in Syria" (in en-GB). https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/mar/19/australian-isis-recruit-suhan-rahman-reportedly-killed-fighting-in-syria.
- Anna Beahm (2019-02-19). "Alabama woman who joined ISIS ‘ready to face the consequences’". AL.com. https://www.al.com/news/2019/02/alabama-woman-who-joined-isis-ready-to-face-the-consequences.html. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "Muthana is currently the only American among an estimated 1,500 foreign women and children inside the sprawling al-Hawl refugee camp of 39,000 people in northern Syria, according to a report from The Guardian. She also has an 18-month-old son."
- Rukmini Callimachi, Alan Yuhas (February 20, 2019). "Alabama Woman Who Joined ISIS Can’t Return Home, U.S. Says". The New York Times: p. A7. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/20/world/middleeast/isis-bride-hoda-muthana.html.
- Ellie Hall (2015-04-17). "Gone Girl: An Interview With An American In ISIS". Buzzfeed (Hoover, Alabama). https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ellievhall/gone-girl-an-interview-with-an-american-in-isis#.ng19d7bXl. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "A naturalized U.S. citizen who fled Yemen with his wife more than 20 years ago, Mohammed watched from across an ocean as his country descended into civil war. As each of his five children was born, far away from falling bombs and tribal violence, he thanked God for their lives in the United States."
- "Statement on Hoda Muthana" (in en-US). http://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2019/02/289558.htm.
- Hjelmgaard, Kim; Collins, Michael. "President Trump: ISIS wife Hoda Muthana won't be allowed to return to United States" (in en). https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2019/02/19/hoda-muthana-isis-bride-wants-face-us-justice-return-alabama/2914244002/.
- David Shortell, Jennifer Hansler, Michelle Kosinski (2019-02-20). "Trump says Alabama woman who joined ISIS should not return to US". CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/02/20/politics/hoda-muthana-state-department/index.html. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "According to Shibly, Muthana was born in New Jersey in 1994. Her father, who had been in the US as a Yemeni diplomat, stepped down from his diplomatic role months before Muthana's birth, Shibly added."
- Holpuch, Amanda (2019-02-22). "Hoda Muthana's father sues in bid to bring his daughter back to US" (in en-GB). https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/feb/22/hoda-muthana-alabama-isis-father-trump.