Cy-Kill (GoBots)

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Cy-Kill
GoBots character
Cykill-toy.jpg
Cy-Kill toy
First appearance

Challenge of the GoBots episode 1, "Battle for GoBotron"
Created by

Tonka
Voiced by

Bernard Erhard
Release number

01, 45, 021
Information
Aliases Cycle Man (Machine Men), Cyclos (French), Uncle Cy
Species GoBot
Gender Male
Occupation Enemy Robot Leader, advice column writer
Abilities

Affiliation

Guardian GoBots, Renegade GoBots
Alternate mode

Motorcycle

Cy-Kill is a fictional character from the GoBots, Robo Machines and Transformers series. Introduced as a toy in 1983, he is leader of the Renegade GoBot faction and the main antagonist of the animated series, where he was voiced by Bernard Erhard. He was the main villain of the Challenge of the GoBots animated series, who later appeared in the GoBots feature film.

GoBots

Cy-Kill was the leader of the evil Renegades.[1][2] He was originally a member of the Guardians and friend of Leader-1. He wanted to be the sole ruler of GoBotron to better protect it (since he felt he was the mightiest guardian), but Leader-1 believed in democracy. This led Cy-Kill to break away from the Guardians and become the leader of the Renegades.[3] He sought to conquer the GoBot homeworld and have all the power for himself. He was very ruthless and a thorn in the side of the Guardians.[4]

Cy-Kill is the inspiration for the TFcon character Bikemurder.

Reception

Fictional biography

Notorious Cy-Kill, the evil GoBot mastermind who turns into a menacing motorcycle, is the leader of the pack of Enemy GoBots. He plans to take over the earth.

Abilities

Cy-Kill has all the standard GoBot powers, plus several other special abilities. He is cyborg with a living brain inside a robotic body, and thus is highly resistant to harm and very strong. He can survive in conditions that would kill a human. He can release powerful energy blasts from his eyes or hands. He also emits hypnotic rays from his eyes, which can be used to control humans and GoBots. He can turn from a motorcycle to a large humanoid robot. As a humanoid robot he can fly and he can use his wheels as thrown weapons. He can emit a dense cloud of smoke as a motorcycle. He is an excellent commander, able to inspire others though fear.

Cy-Kill stands 3.5 meters tall as a robot.

Cy-Kill has utilized a number of unique weapons, including a modified mini-stealth device which allowed to to appear like Leader-1.

Animated series

Challenge of the GoBots

Cy-Kill in Challenge of the GoBots

In Challenge of the GoBots episode 1, "Battle for GoBotron", Cy-Kill attempted to invade Earth with the help of crooked Unecom scientist Doctor Braxis, but his plans were thwarted by the Guardians.[5]

The Guardians were able to eventually capture him. Unfortunately he used his wheels against the guards to aid his escape (since his weapons were disconnected), causing the release of his lieutenant Fitor (also a former Guardian). Because of Fitor's aid, Cy-Kill was able to escape to his massive mobile base, Roguestar, and threaten GoBotron once again.

Although an attempted coup by the Master Renegade allowed the Guardians to assemble the Courageous and save both Earth and GoBotron, Cy-Kill would remain at large, threatening both planets.

In episode 15, "It's The Thought That Counts", the Guardians set up a lab to test their power suits on Earth. With Defendor and Blaster patrolling the lab Professor von Joy and Path Finder tested a new suit on Dozer. Cy-Kill captured and tried to brainwash Scooter, making him sabotage the lab and self destructing. Rest-Q check out Scooter, but Scooter refused to be examined. Eventually Scooter was freed from Renegade control. Cy-Kill, Cop-Tur, Crasher, Geeper-Creeper, Pincher, and Snoop attacked the lab, but it was defended by Leader-1, Professor von Joy, Blaster, Dozer, Dumper, Road Ranger, Scooter, Scratch and Turbo. Although the Guardians were winning the battle, an accidental backfire from Professor von Joy's weapon allowed the Renegades to escape.[6]

In episode 16 "Doppelganger" Cy-Kill, Cop-Tur, Crasher and Snoop attack Leader-1, Turbo, Scooter and Small Foot on Earth. Crasher wounds Small Foot. After attaining recordings of the Guardians the Renegades retreated. Using the recordings Cy-Kill has Dr. Go program robot duplicates of the Guardians. Demonstrating Space Bender weapon to Unecom, Leader-1 learns that the Renegades are attacking Washington. The Renegades ambush Leader-1 and replace him with his duplicate. Leading the Command Center back to GoBotron and getting rid of Scooter and Small Foot the Renegades release duplicates of Path Finder, Rest-Q, Van Guard and Turbo. Small Foot and Scooter are able to capture the Turbo duplicate and learn where their friends are being held. Cy-Kill replaces Good Knight. Using the duplicate Turbo the Guardians infiltrate the Renegade base, free the captured Guardians and escape from the Renegade guards Spoons and Fitor. Although blocked by the Renegades, Scooter uses a hologram of Zod to make the Renegades flee. Making it back to GoBotron the Guardians are attacked by the Guardian duplicates. The real Guardians are able to defeat their duplicates with the aid of the real Zeemon, Hans-Cuff and Rest-Q. Cy-Kill arrives in Thrustor with more duplicates, but Small Foot is able to stop with robots using the Space Bender, which fuses their robot brains. [7]

Cy-Kill appeared in episode 26, "The Quest for Roguestar".[8]

In the episode 34 "Scooter Enhanced" Scooter and Small Foot join Nick and A.J. to watch a car stunt show which is attacked by Crasher, BuggyMan and Fly Trap. Small Foot fights Buggyman and defeats him, but the Renegades gain the upper hand. The Guardians are rescued by Leader-1 and Turbo who arrive in Power Suits. Cy-Kill vows to gain Power Suits for the Renegades. Scooter decides he needs more firepower, so he has Professory von Joy remove his damaged holo projector in favor of a blaster unit. Screw Head, Bad Boy and Cop-Tur are sent to attack Unecom bases and distract the Guardians while Cy-Kill, Crasher and Scorp attempt to take the suits from the Guardian Command Center. Small Foot and Scooter are able to delay the Renegades until Leader-1 and Turbo return to chase away the Renegades. Realizing he was a better Guardian with his holo projector, Scooter has it reinstalled.[9]

In episode 35, "Tarnished Image" Dr. Go creates modified mini-stealth devices that allow the Renegades to appear like Guardians. Cy-Kill, Crasher and Cop-Tur disguise themselves as Leader-1, Scooter and Turbo and go on a rampage on Earth while the real Guardians are sent on a fake rescue mission. When the Guardians return they are banished from Earth by the humans. The Guardians are eventually able to prove the Renegades staged the attacks, chase them off and capture Dr. Go.[10]

In episode 43, "The Seer" Cy-Kill and his minions Block Head, Cop-Tur, Crasher and Pincher kidnap a young blind psychic named Shaun Roberts and his mother from Unecom with the help of the human traitor Major Benedict. Cy-Kill uses the brain stormer to read the boy's mind. Shaun and his mother are rescued by Leader-1, Scooter, Turbo and Van Guard. An overload by the brain stormer robs the boy of his psychic powers and he is returned home safely.[11]

Cy-Kill appeared in episode 45, "Ring of Fire".[12]

In episode 48, "Escape from Elba", Heat Seeker and Turbo deliver the captured Cy-Kill to the prison planet Elba.

In episode 50, "Clutch of Doom" Cy-Kill declared himself supreme overlord of GoBotron.

Cy-Kill appeared in episode 52, "A New Suit For Leader-1".[13]

Cy-Kill appeared in Challenge of the GoBots episode 63, "Terror in Atlantis".

Note: Cy-Kill is called Cyclos in the French dub of the series.

GoBots: Battle of the Rock Lords

In GoBots: Battle of the Rock Lords Cy-Kill lead the Renegade GoBot forces who aided the Rock Lord Magmar on the planet Cordax.

Robot Chicken

Cy-Kill was featured in a segment of Robot Chicken season 8 episode 19, called "The Angelic Sounds of Mike Giggling". In the segment Cy-Kill announces plans for an attack on the Guardians from two teams lead by himself and Tank, but his speech keeps getting interrupted by Screw Head, who he eventually shots in frustration.[14]

Books

Edmont Books

Cy-Kill was featured in the 1986 children's book Collision Course Comet - Robo Machine Featuring The Challenge Of GoBots.[15]

Western Publishing Company

Cy-Kill on the cover of Race to the Stars

Cy-Kill appeared in the 1984 Western Publishing Company story War of the GoBots by Robin Snyder. [16]

Cy-Kill appeared in the 1985 Western Publishing Company story Race to the Stars by Jack Harris.[17]

World International Publishing

Cy-Kill appeared in the 1985 World International Publishing Robo Machine book Champions of Lixil.[18]

Cy-Kill appeared in the 1985 Robo Machine book The Wagner Sirens.[19]

Comics

Eagle

In the Eagle comic strip Robo Machines, Cy-Kill was a petty criminal on Robotron, already known to the Security Forces, before submitting himself to Stron-Domez' Robo Machine process, which added a transformation mechanism to his cybernetic body. While the initial attempt to assassinate the planet's president failed, Cy-Kill at least aided Stron-Domez' escape. He was modified on arrival on Earth, given a new fission cannon weapon by Stron-Domez. However, he held feelings of contempt for fellow Robo Machine Tank, and these bubbled over during their attack on Cholkham, when Cy-Kill was tricked into fighting his Renegade comrade. When the Security Forces tracked the Renegades to their Birmingham factory, Cy-Kill was the only Robo Machine to escape, carrying Stron-Domez to safety. He then performed an operation on his master to convert him into Zod.

Cy-Kill then coerced a variety of human tramps and vagrants to work in Zod's new factory, situated on the outskirts of London. However, he began to dislike Zod after the monster stole the pleasure of killing the SF Robo Machine Carry-All from him. Cy-Kill also grew more ambitious, and modified the brain of the Devil Invader Casmodon so it would obey him over Zod. He was briefly disabled by Leader One at the scrapyard. He showed his contempt for Zod by abandoning his damaged ersatz creator in the scrapyard, intending to observe and support Casmodon's attack on London. However, he was detained fighting the SF robot Scooter outside the city. Scooter, with the aid of human Charlie Brampton, managed to trick him into being hit by a train, delaying him while Casmodon was defeated. He attempted to shoo them down once he extricated himself, but was driven off by Leader One. Frustrated at the Devil Invader's damage, he set off after the remaining SF forces by himself, and his attack was enough to cause the depleted Guardians to withdraw from Earth. At the end of the series, Cy-Kill was left on Earth, seemingly with Casmodon at his disposal.

Fun Publications

Echoverse
Cy-Kill and his Renegades in Echoes and Fragments Part 1

Cy-Kill was featured in the 2016 Ask Vector Prime story Echoes and Fragments, set during the events of The Transformers: The Movie. The manipulations of the evil Gong and Sideways resulted in various GoBots swapping places with characters during the events of that film. Cop-Tur was among Cy-Kill's Renegades on Cybertron. He took the place of Megatron in parts of the story. Cy-Kill has Snoop spy on Optimus Prime, then his Renegades attack an Autobot Command Center to stage a sneak attack on Autobot City on Earth.[20]

Cataclysmverse

Cy-Kill appeared among the group investigating the Cataclysm destroying their universe in Fun Publications story "Withered Hope".[21]

Rhetoricverse

Cy-Kill appeared in the Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric episode 2 story "Fugitives".[22]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 3 story "Double Cross".[23]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 4 story "Countdown to Annihilation".[24]

Cy-Kill appeared in episode 11 "On the Rocks".[25]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 17 "Coup de Grunge". A Renegade assault on the Guardian communication hub was repulsed by Courageous, putting Cy-Kill in a foul mood. He vented his frustration on several of his men, which backfired shortly thereafter when the Master Renegade made a bid for leadership. He offered the Renegades four Power Suits and the ability to form their own combiner. Loco, Fly Trap, Screw Head, and Spoiler took him up on his offer and imprisoned Cy-Kill and Cop-Tur. The Renegades assaulted the GoBotron Fortress protecting GoBotron's capital, GoBotolis. Their combined form was defeated by Courageous when the Master Renegade and Loco argued about who should control the giant form. The Guardians derisively nicknamed the combiner "Grungy". The Renegades returned to Rogue Star, only to find Cy-Kill free. The Master Renegade escaped with his ship, but not before Spoiler had managed a full scan of it. Dr. Go was confident that, not only could he duplicate it, he could improve upon it.[26]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 18 story "The RoGun Ruckus".[27]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 24 story "Ladies Night" where sent a team of female Renegades to compete on the planet Amazonia IV.[28]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 25 story "Brother's Keeper".[29]

Cy-Kill appeared in the episode 35 story "Trash and Treachery". In the story he sent teams to capture Zero and the Master Renegade, but the failed because of interference from the Guardians. he later captured Zero, was was being chased from GoBotron by Leader-1.[30]

Cy-Kill waits for processing in Axiom Nexus in "Transcendent" Part 1

In "Transcendent" Breakaway, Landquake and Skyfall arrive on a parallel Transtech Cybertron, in the city of Axiom Nexus. They are greeted by that world's Cheetor and Silverbolt, and are worried that Cliffjumper has gone missing. The arrivals are told that they are among many to arrive on this world and are brought to "processing". Among those waiting in processing was Cy-Kill.

When the host of Ask Vector Prime went away on a mission several replacement hosts were given a chance to fill in. After a Bumblebee from the Tyran universal cluster didn't work out, the editor decided they wanted a host who would give more straight forward answers. That host was Cy-Kill, who renamed the series Renegade Rhetoric. During the series Cy-Kill informed his followers about his adventures back in his universe, how he had come to Axiom Nexus, and how he had spent time recruiting several Transformers to his cause. During the series his troops raided Shockwave's lab for technology and once the authorities traced the criminal action to Cy-Kill and attempted to arrest him during a program. Cy-Kill responded by calling his Renegade forces into action and unveiling his most powerful secret ally, the Renegade GoBot watch named Gong. Gong transported all Cy-Kill's forces back to his home universe. Cy-Kill was replaced as host by the Decepticon Space Warp. Despite the criminal behavior of Cy-Kill as a host, his series rated the most popular among all the substitute hosts. Cy-Kill proved so popular as an Ask Vector Prime host Fun Publications brought him back for his own Renegade Rhetoric Facebook series. In this series Cy-Kill announced that Dr. Go used technology stolen from TransTech Shockwave to continue his broadcasts.

Once Cy-Kill returned to his home world he had Dr. Go use some of the technology stolen from Shockwave to resume his broadcasts, believing the show help recruit new allies to his cause.

In the episode 58 story "Opportunity Knocks Part 2" Cy-Kill chronicled his return to "Level 1", his home universal stream, just as the Guardians were staging an attack on Rogue Star. Cy-Kill and his Renegade recruits from Axiom Nexus joined Fitor, Spoons and Stretch in repelling an attack by Courageous, Leader-1, the Guardian Command Centers and the new Guardian Academy graduates Beamer, Guide Star and Sky Fly. During the battle Monsterous was able to best Courageous and tore though the Command Centers, but a ploy from Leader-1 tricked Cy-Kill into unleashing a massive blast which struck Monsterous, shattering the combiner into his components.

Golden Press

GoBots Color and Activity Book cover

Cy-Kill appears in the 1986 Golden Press story The Sea Vaporizer. In the story Guardian Command Center is stationed on Earth's moon as Beamer plays games on the space scanner. An alert sounds and Leader-1 discovers the Earth is being enveloped by a steam cloud. He sends Guide Star to investigate. Guide Star discovers a beam of light that is boiling Earth's oceans and follows it into space where they discover the Renegade GoBot ship Thruster, but then contact with Guide Star is cut off. Leader-1 takes up the investigation, and Cy-Kill uses a space mirage projector to conceal his presence. Leader-1 works past the mirage to discover a space station where Cy-Kill, Crasher and Cop-Tur are using a giant lenses to focus the sun's rays into a beam to boil away Earth's oceans, leaving the planet uninhabitable by humans. Cy-Kill attempts to blast Leader-1 out of the sky, but Leader-1 is able to neutralize the beam with a blast of his own. Cy-Kill then sends Pow Wow and Crasher to attack Leader-1. They attempt to ram the Guardian, but Leader-1 avoids the attack causing the two Renegades to hit each other. Leader-1 frees Guide Star and deflects an attack by Cy-Kill, blowing out one of the Renegade leader's tires. The beam stopped, the oceans of the Earth are saved.[31]

Cy-Kill, Crasher and Pow Wow use an electromagnet to bring in the disabled Guardian Command Center while Scooter does a space age cross word

Cy-Kill appears in the 1986 Golden Press story Ambush in Space. In the story the Guardians decide to take a vacation on one of the resort planets. They take the Command Center and their first stop on a refueling planet, but after taking off their engines conk out thanks to micro dust in the fuel placed by Cy-Kill. The Command Center is drawn to the planet Fintergand by an electromagnet operated by Cy-Kill. Once forced to land Pow Wow attacks Scooter, but his attack is deflected by a boulder thrown by Sky Fly. Cop-Tur attacks Leader-1 with rust rockets, but he tricks the rockets into following him to Cy-Kill. Cy-Kill gets hit by the rockets and rusts in place. Pow Wow attempts to ram Beamer, but Beamer flies out of the way at the last moment, causing Pow Wow to hit Odd Ball instead. Breez attempts to hide from the Guardians in a crater, but Guide Star and Sky Fly shoot "obmug" into the crater. The Guardian GoBots sing their victory song.[32]

Telepictures Publications

Cy-Kill appeared in the story "Scooter's Mighty Magnet" with his minions Cop-Tur, Crasher, Creepy and Vamp.[33]

Cy-Kill, Cop-Tur, Night Fright and Clutch in "A Spy Among Us"

Cy-Kill lead the Renegade forces in "A Spy Among Us" by Telepictures Publications. In the story Cy-Kill had Night Fright attack Super Couper and plant a bugging device on the Guardian. Cy-Kill used the device to overhear information about an incoming robot freighter filled with Zintrinium. As the Renegades continued to anticipate the Guardian's moves, Leader-1 reasoned they were bugged and was able to lead the Renegades into a trap in the freighter's hold by giving them false information. Once the Renegades were trapped inside Leader-1 had Scooter program the ship to fly to the Crab Nebula, giving the Renegades a nice little vacation.[34]

Cy-Kill appeared in the story "La Conquista De La Tierra" (The Conquest of the Earth) from the Argentina GoBots comic #5.[35]

Other media

Cy-Kill appeared in Lil Formers #30, "Cy-Kill" by Matt Moylan, where he couldn't find a place among the Decepticons at the Job Fair of Villainy.[36]

Cy-Kill appeared in Lil Formers #89, "Auditions II" by Matt Moylan, where he auditioned for a Tranformers movie.[37]

Cy-Kill has appeared in the animated comedy series Robot Chicken.[38] He had no dialogue in his first appearance, but his voice was done by Frank Welker in his second one.

Toys

  • Bandai Machine Men 01 Cycle Man (1983)
A release of Bike Robo in Australia in the Machine Men line.
  • Tonka GoBots 01 Cy-Kill (1983)
The toy of Cy-Kill was originally Bandai's Bike Robo from their Machine Robo toyline. Bike Robo was a heroic character in red, white, and blue colors. Tonka, however, decided to make this character a villain.[39][40]
This toy was sold by itself and also in a gift pack with Snoop and Stinger.
  • Tonka GoBots 45 Cy-Kill (1985)
A recolor in a black and green color scheme.
This color represents the character as they appeared when enslaved by the Overseers in "Chains of Doom".
  • Tonka Super GoBots 021 Cy-Kill
A larger "Super GoBot" Cy-Kill was later released, based on the Bandai Big Bike Robo figure. As one of the lead characters from the TV series, Cy-Kill featured on numerous items of merchandise as well.

Gallery

References

  1. "Living: Hot Toys with a Special Twist". Time. October 1, 1984. http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,954424,00.html. 
  2. "News". Computer & Video Games 1 (61): 8. http://www.worldofspectrum.org/showmag.cgi?mag=C+VG/Issue061/Pages/CVG06100008.jpg. 
  3. New licenses, categories, and items turn Tonka toward tomorrow. Playthings magazine, March 1, 1984
  4. Bellomo, Mark (2010). Totally Tubular '80s. Krause Publications. pp. 90–93. ISBN 1440212821. 
  5. "The Battle for GoBotron". Written by Alan Burnett, Jeff Segal and Tom Ruegger. Challenge of the GoBots. First-run syndication. September 8th, 1984. No. 1, season 1.
  6. "It's The Thought That Counts". Challenge of the GoBots. First-run syndication. No. 58, season 1.
  7. "Doppelganger". Written by Jeff Segal, Kelly Ward and Antoni Zalewski. Challenge of the GoBots. First-run syndication. October 8th, 1984. No. 16, season 1.
  8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-h2cchGABWk
  9. "Scooter Enhanced". Written by Jeff Segal, Kelly Ward and Mark Young. Challenge of the GoBots. First-run syndication. October 9th, 1984. No. 24, season 1.
  10. "Tarnished Image". Written by Jeff Segal, Kelly Ward and David Schwartz. Challenge of the GoBots. First-run syndication. November 25th, 1985. No. 25, season 1.
  11. "The Seer". Written by Eric Lewald. Challenge of the GoBots. First-run syndication. November 6th, 1985. No. 43, season 1.
  12. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyLZpG6tNyM
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyLZpG6tNyM
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zuo-qWpAtbk
  15. Hanna-Barbera (1986). Collision Course Comet - Robo Machine Featuring The Challenge Of GoBots. Egmont Books. ISBN 978-0723578581. http://www.redshirt.co.uk/media/collision-course-comet/. 
  16. Snyder, Robin (1984). War of the GoBots. Western Publishing Company. ISBN 0307113760. 
  17. Harris, Jack (1985). Race to the Stars. Western Publishing Company. ISBN 0307666433. 
  18. Champions of Lixil. World International Publishing. 1985. ISBN 0-7235-7810-9. 
  19. The Wagner Sirens. World International Publishing. 1985. ISBN 0723578133. 
  20. Jim Sorenson (w). "Echoes and Fragments" Ask Vector Prime (February 10th, 2016), Fun Publications
  21. S. Trent Troop & Greg Sepelak (2008). Withered Hope. The Transformers Collector’s Club. 
  22. "Fugitives". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. October 28, 1986/December 29th, 2015. No. 1, season 1.
  23. "Double Cross". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. October 29, 1986/December 30th, 2015. No. 3, season 1.
  24. "Countdown to Annihilation". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. October 30th, 1986/December 31th, 2015. No. 4, season 1.
  25. "On the Rocks". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. October 16, 1986/January 29th, 2016. No. 11, season 1.
  26. "Coup de Grunge". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. September 26, 1986/October 20th, 2015. No. 17, season 1.
  27. "The RoGun Ruckus". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. September 29, 1986/October 20th, 2015. No. 18, season 1.
  28. "Ladies Night". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. October 7, 1986. No. 24, season 1.
  29. "Brother's Keeper". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. November 11th, 1986/October 19th, 2015. No. 25, season 1.
  30. "Trash and Treachery". Written by Jim Sorenson. Transformers: Renegade Rhetoric. October 22nd, 1986/December 1st, 2015. No. 35, season 1.
  31. GoBots Color and Activity Book (1986), Golden Press
  32. "Ambush in Space" GoBots Color and Activity Book (1986), Golden Press
  33. Jay Itzkowitz (w), Paul Kirchner (a). "Scooter's Mighty Magnet" (Spring 1986), Telepictures Publications
  34. Paul Kirchner (w, a). "A Spy Among Us" GoBots Magazine (Winter 1987), Telepictures Publications
  35. ""La Qonquista De La Tierra"" GoBots 5 (1986)
  36. http://www.lilformers.com/blog/2007/01/23/01232007/
  37. http://www.lilformers.com/blog/2008/03/10/03102008/
  38. http://www.livevideo.com/video/1B1EFE9ACEEA464FB7DC19BB3DD440E7/gobot-nerd.aspx
  39. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ycaw8JX_yFk&feature=related
  40. http://www.google.com/patents?id=oAAuAAAAEBAJ&dq=Katsushi+Murakami

External links