Victor Liu is an American student, who was held in China, together with his older sister, Cynthia Liu, for several years. China never laid any criminal charges against the siblings, or provided any explanation for imposing an "exit ban", preventing travel.
The siblings, and their mother, had traveled to China, in November, 2018, to visit an ailing grandparent. In November, 2018, their mother, Sandra Han, was seized, and held in extrajudicial detention in a "black jail", while the siblings were informed they could not leave China. According to The New York Times the pair's father, Liu Changming, a naturalized American who was once a senior official at a Chinese bank, was being sought by Chinese law enforcement agencies, and China detained his relatives to use as hostages to force him to return to China to face charges.
Liu was a sophomore student at Georgetown University, in 2018, and was able to continue his studies, remotely, while he was in China.
- Michael Forsythe; Chris Buckley; Katie Benner (2021-09-27). "American Siblings Barred From Leaving China for 3 Years Return to U.S.". The New York Times: p. A8. Archived from the original on 2021-09-28. https://web.archive.org/web/20210928155355/https://www.nytimes.com/2021/09/27/us/politics/china-americans-released.html?action=click&algo=bandit-all-surfaces&block=more_in_recirc&fellback=false&imp_id=212234864&impression_id=b767b370-2072-11ec-bc51-41af911db2f4&index=0&pgtype=Article&pool=more_in_pools%2Fpolitics®ion=footer&req_id=850276577&surface=eos-more-in&variant=0_bandit-all-surfaces. Retrieved 2021-09-27. "The siblings went to China in June 2018 to visit their ailing grandfather. On the trip, their mother, also an American citizen, was detained by the police and the siblings were barred from leaving the country. Their father, Liu Changming, a former executive at a Chinese bank, was wanted by the Chinese police for his role in a fraud case. The exit ban, and the jailing of their mother, was seen as a way to coerce their father to return to China and turn himself in."
- Michael Forsythe; Edward Wong (2018-11-24). "China’s Tactic to Catch a Fugitive Official: Hold His Two American Children". The New York Times (Washington, DC): p. A1. Archived from [nytimes.com/2018/11/25/us/politics/china-exit-ban.html the original] on 2021-09-28. https://web.archive.org/web/20210928160437/https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/25/us/politics/china-exit-ban.html?searchResultPosition=3. Retrieved 2021-09-27. "The siblings went to China in June 2018 to visit their ailing grandfather. On the trip, their mother, also an American citizen, was detained by the police and the siblings were barred from leaving the country. Their father, Liu Changming, a former executive at a Chinese bank, was wanted by the Chinese police for his role in a fraud case. The exit ban, and the jailing of their mother, was seen as a way to coerce their father to return to China and turn himself in."
- Javier C. Hernández (2018-12-12). "The Foreign Billionaires, Activists and Missionaries Detained in China". The New York Times (Beijing). Archived from the original on 2021-08-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20210816145152/https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/12/world/asia/china-foreigners-detained.html. Retrieved 2021-09-27. "Mr. Liu’s wife, Sandra Han, and their children, Victor and Cynthia, arrived in China in June to visit an ailing relative. Ms. Han was detained, and the children have been held for months under a practice known as an exit ban."
- Laurie Chen (2019-01-09). "Don’t use WhatsApp or WeChat when you’re in China, University of California, Davis tells students". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2019-01-09. https://web.archive.org/web/20190109151419/https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/2181397/dont-use-whatsapp-or-wechat-when-youre-china-university. Retrieved 2021-09-27. "US citizens currently prevented from leaving China include the estranged son and daughter of Liu Changming, a former Chinese bank executive wanted by the government for financial crimes. Their mother and Liu’s former wife, US citizen Sandra Han, has been placed in secret detention since June."