United States Coast Guard

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The United State Coast Guard was formed when the United States Revenue Cutter Service was amalgamated with the United States Lighthouse Service and the United States Lifeboat Service, early in the 20th century.[1]


United States Revenue Cutter Service

The Revenue Cutter Service was founded by Alexander Hamilton, shortly after US indepence, and about a dozen years prior to the founding of the United States Navy.

The service's first ten small vessels were all single masted cutters. By long-standing tradition all the service's vessels were referred to as "cutters", no matter how many masts they deployed.

During the War of 1812 the service's cutters were used as warships, and were quite successful.[2]

The Revenue Cutter Service, and then the Coast Guard, deployed their vessels as war craft, during every subsequent US war. Cutters conducted anti-submarine patrols, and patrolled the iceberg strewn waters off Greenland, during World War 2. Coast Guard sailors were seconded to crew landing craft, during landings like the Invasion of Normandy.

During the War in Vietnam, small US Coast Guard vessels, like the Point Class cutters, patrolled Vietnam's rivers and canals, and the offshore waters too shallow for the Navy.

In the 21st Century small squadrons of cutters patrol the Persian Gulf, and, occasionally, aid the small Island nations of the Pacific Forum, in [[illegal, unregulated unlicensed fishing[[ patrols.

United States Lighthouse Service

United States Lifeboat Service


  1. "Revenue Cutter Operations and the Core Coast Guard Missions". US Coast Guard. https://media.defense.gov/2017/Jun/26/2001768973/-1/-1/0/WAROF1812DOC.PDF. Retrieved 2022-09-25. "Operations in the War of 1812 oday, the United States Coast Guard supports nearly a dozen humanitarian, defense security and law enforcement missions." 
  2. "Revenue Cutter Heroes, War of 1812". https://media.defense.gov/2017/Jun/25/2001768443/-1/-1/0/WAR1812HEROES.PDF. Retrieved 2022-09-25.