Patrick Hunout

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Patrick Hunout
Nationality French, Belgian
Education School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS)
Occupation Economist, sociologist, anthropologist, NGO founder, consultant, philanthropist
Known for Tripartite Model of Social Change, New Leviathan, theories on social capital, evaluation methodology, cross-cultural comparison

Patrick Hunout is a Franco-Belgian economist, sociologist, anthropologist, consultant and a philanthropist. He is known for founding The International Scope Review and The Social Capital Foundation,[1][2] formulating the Tripartite Model of Social Change,[3][4][5] and for his research on social structures that he has termed the “New Leviathan.”[6][7][8][9]


In 1985, Hunout graduated from the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS) in Paris, France with a PhD in Social Psychology.[10] His research was on the link between legal systems of different countries and their underlying national cultures.


From 1995-1996, based on the observation of Northern French industrial cities, Hunout developed the Tripartite Model of Social Change.[3][4][5] This theory suggests that economic, interethnic, and interpersonal relationships interact with each other to produce social change.[1][3] This approach is original as these three types of relationships are generally considered separately both by ordinary people and scientists. In addition, the theory suggests that the interaction between these three fields are affected by coherent strategies determined by the upper class of society in view of promoting a hidden agenda, far beyond the options overtly debated by politicians.

These strategies are determined by power structures that Hunout calls the “New Leviathan.”[3][4][5] In the New Leviathan, upper classes accrue power by advancing policies that result in less equality and less democracy.[6][7][4][5] This proceeds through coherent policymaking associating mass immigration, global economic flexibility, and the promotion of values such as individualism, hedonism, and consumerism.[7][4][5] While these values give the players the impression that they are free and pursue individual happiness, they in reality favor the destruction of the social link, opening doors in turn to mass immigration and thus the creation of a new, more obedient proletariat as well as a single race of consumers identified with products, brands and market values. Thus, they favor the emergence a new form of slavery. The expansion of social control through government intervention becomes inevitable in conditions where the social body becames atomized and unable to manage itself. Hunout refers to Huxley’s dystopian Brave New World (1932) to illustrate his point of view.[11]

Since this model has been elaborated (1995), the concepts put forward by Hunout, be they named “deep state”, “oligarchy”, “elite government”, “mainstream media”, or “pensée unique” (orthodox thinking in the media, research and politics) – and putting the power back into the hands of the people (vs. the elite), have gained considerable traction to the point of reaching universal consciousness.[4][5] It is increasingly admitted that the Power’s policies are not confined to the economic sphere but that de-structuring traditional social ties such as gender and family and promoting multi-ethnicity, are also part of the picture.[4][5]

In view of this, Hunout suggests promoting a more equitable society through a social market economy, respect for cultural identities, and consensual decision-making.[3]

In 1998, Hunout founded the peer-reviewed journal The International Scope Review to enhance and propagate his model.[1][2] He served as President of the Editorial Board from 1998-2012.[12]

In 2002, Hunout founded The Social Capital Foundation.[13][4] The Social Capital Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing Hunout’s ideas, namely promoting community, advancing a society built around a strong middle class, promoting an equitable distribution of wealth, preserving cultural identity during mass migrations, and strengthening shared social values.[13][4] Social Capital, of which The Social Capital Foundation has provided its own definition, is a concept put forward by Harvard’s Robert Putnam and other authors which refers to society’s cohesiveness in the face of immigration and individualist values.[5]

Since his pioneering work on job evaluation methodologies (1987,1992), in which he showed the link between job evaluation methods and underlying policy choices, Hunout remained a great evaluation methodologist thus inventing an academic evaluation methodology (1998) and the SQUAS service quality assessment methodology (2009) of which a version for higher education bodies was recently developed (2019).

The Social Capital Foundation is also involved in environmental protection and animal welfare efforts, contributing to the conservation of animals and the sanitation of land in the Mediterranean.[14]

Selected publications

  • Hunout, P. (1987), L’évaluation et la classification des emplois, coll. Documents de Travail, 29, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches sur les Qualifications (CEREQ), Paris, France.
  • Hunout, P. (1992), " Du classement des emplois à la mesure des compétences ", in Formation-Emploi, 39, Paris, France.
  • Hunout, P. (1993). L’entreprise et le droit du travail : une comparaison franco-allemande. Cahiers du Centre d’Information et de Recherche sur l’Allemagne Contemporaine (CIRAC), Paris, France. ISBN 2905518251.
  • Hunout, P. (2000). Droit du travail et culture sociale : l'exemple allemand, L’Harmattan. Paris, France. ISBN 2738477852.
  • Hunout, P. (ed) (2001). "Immigration and Cultural Identity in the Economically Advanced Countries, The Case of Germany and France," Part I, in The International Scope Review. Brussels, Belgium. ISSN 1374-738X.
  • Hunout, P., Holden, T.J.M. (2002). “The New Leviathan, Tolkien, and Empire,” in The International Scope Review, Volume 4, Issue 8, Brussels, Belgium. ISSN 1374-738X.
  • Hunout, P., Le Gall, D., & Shea, B. (2003). “The Destruction of Society: Challenging the ‘Modern’ Tryptique: Individualism, Hedonism, Consumerism,” in Hunout, P. (ed), (2003), The Erosion of the Social Link in the Economically Advanced Countries, Part I, in The International Scope Review, Volume 5, Issue 9, Brussels, Belgium. ISSN 1374-738X.
  • Hunout, P. & Shea, B. (2003), “A New Look at Economic Development,” in Peace and Conflict Monitor, Special Report. UN University for Peace, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Hunout, P., David, M., and DeWitt, J. (2005), “Referring Governments to the Community: Henry David Thoreau Revisited,” in The International Scope Review, Issue 12, Volume 7. Brussels, Belgium. ISSN 1374-738X.
  • Hunout, P. (2008). “A World in Convulsions: The New Orthodoxy and the Social Order,” Policy Futures, TSCF Editions. Brussels, Belgium.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hunout, Patrick; Le Gall, Didier; Shea, Brent (2003). "The Destruction of Society. Challenging the "Modern" Tryptique: Individualism, Hedonism, Consumerism". The International Scope Review. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hunout, Patrick; David, Maya K.; Dewitt, Jean (2005). "Referring Governments to the Community: Henry David Thoreau Revisited". The International Scope Review. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 The Social Capital Foundation (2019). "The Tripartite Model of Societal Change". 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 McGill, Peter (2021). "SARS-COV-2 and The New Leviathan: An Insight in the Work of Patrick Hunout". Where Is My Vote, Politics, Protests, Elections and More. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Kim, Linda (2020). "Social Capital and the Balance of Power". Invisible Insurrection. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Hunout, Patrick (1999). "Immigration und Identität in Deutschland und Frankreich". 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Guerra, Juan (2013). "The World Bank and Social Capital by Juan Guerra". Ragged University. 
  8. Hunout, Patrick; Shea, Brent (2003). "A New Look at Economic Development". Peace and Conflict Monitor. Ideas for Peace. 
  9. Hunout, Patrick; Holden, Todd Joseph Miles (2002). "The New Leviathan, Tolkien, and Empire". The International Scope Review. 
  10. Hunout, Patrick (1985). "Psychologie judiciaire et droit prud'hommal". 
  11. Huxley, Aldous (1932). Brave new world: A novel. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, Doran & Co.
  12. The International Scope Review (2019). "TISR Synopsis". 
  13. 13.0 13.1 The Social Capital Foundation (2019). "Our Ideas". 
  14. The Social Capital Foundation (2019). "TSCF Animal Welfare".