Difference between revisions of "Mohammed Souleimani Laalami"

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'''Mohammed Souleimani Laalami''' (born March 4, 1965) is a citizen of [[Morocco]], held in [[extrajudicial detention]] in the [[United States]] [[Guantanamo Bay detainment camp]]s, in [[Cuba]].<ref name=DoDList2>
 +
{{cite web
 +
| url=http://www.dod.mil/news/May2006/d20060515%20List.pdf
 +
| title=List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006
 +
| publisher=[[United States Department of Defense]]
 +
| accessdate=2006-05-15
 +
| quote=
 +
}}
 +
{{wikisource-inline|List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006}}
 +
</ref>
 +
Laalami's Guantanamo detainee ID number is 237.
 +
The [[US Department of Defense|Department of Defense]]
 +
reports he was born on March 4, 1965, in [[Casablanca]], Morocco.
 +
He arrived in Guantanamo on February 8, 2002, and was repatriated on February 7, 2006.<ref name=CshraHeightAndWeightTable>
 +
{{cite web
 +
| url=http://humanrights.ucdavis.edu/resources/library/documents-and-reports/gtmo_heightsweights.pdf
 +
| title=Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)
 +
| publisher=[[Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas]], from DoD data
 +
| date=
 +
| author=
 +
| archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20081109191207/http://humanrights.ucdavis.edu/resources/library/documents-and-reports/gtmo_heightsweights.pdf
 +
|  archivedate = 2008-11-09
 +
<!--
 +
http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fhumanrights.ucdavis.edu%2Fresources%2Flibrary%2Fdocuments-and-reports%2Fgtmo_heightsweights.pdf&date=2009-12-21
 +
| archivedate=2009-12-21 -->
 +
}}
 +
</ref><ref name=ConsolidatedReleaseList>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url=http://www.dod.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/09-F-0031_doc1.pdf
 +
| title=Consolidate chronological listing of GTMO detainees released, transferred or deceased
 +
| publisher=[[United States Department of Defense|Department of Defense]]
 +
| author=[[OARDEC]]
 +
| date=2008-10-09
 +
| accessdate=2008-12-28
 +
| quote=
 +
}}
 +
</ref><ref name=NYTimesGuantanamoDocketIsn237>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url=http://projects.nytimes.com/guantanamo/detainees/237-mohammed-souleimani-laalami
 +
| title=Guantanamo Docket: Mohammed Souleimani Laalami
 +
| publisher=[[New York Times]]
 +
| author=[[Margot Williams]]
 +
| date=2008-11-03
 +
| accessdate=2013-09-18
 +
| quote=
 +
}}
 +
</ref>
  
 +
==Official status reviews==
 +
[[Image:Trailer where CSR Tribunals were held.jpg|thumb|[[Combatant Status Review Tribunal]]s were held in a trailer the size of a large [[RV]].  The captive sat on a plastic garden chair, with his hands and feet shackled to a bolt in the floor.<ref name=Nytimes041109>[http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/08/national/08gitmo.html?ex=1257570000&en=4af06725bdf5c086&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt Guantánamo Prisoners Getting Their Day, but Hardly in Court], ''[[New York Times]]'', November 11, 2004 - [http://cageprisoners.com/articles.php?aid=3838 mirror]</ref><ref name=FinancialTimes041211>[http://www.christusrex.org/www1/news/ft-12-11-04a.htm Inside the Guantánamo Bay hearings: Barbarian "Justice" dispensed by KGB-style "military tribunals"], ''[[Financial Times]]'', December 11, 2004</ref> Three chairs were reserved for members of the press, but only 37 of the 574 Tribunals were observed.<ref name=DoDCsrtBriefing20070306>
 +
{{cite web
 +
| url=http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=3902
 +
| title=Annual Administrative Review Boards for Enemy Combatants Held at Guantanamo Attributable to Senior Defense Officials
 +
| publisher=[[United States Department of Defense]]
 +
| date=March 6, 2007
 +
| accessdate=2007-09-22
 +
}}</ref>]]
 +
 +
Originally the [[George W. Bush|Bush]] [[United States President|Presidency]] asserted that captives apprehended in the ''"[[war on terror]]"'' were not covered by the [[Geneva Conventions]], and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention.<ref name=UsaToday20071011>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-10-11-guantanamo-combatants_N.htm
 +
| title      = U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use
 +
| publisher  = [[USA Today]]
 +
| date        = 2007-10-11
 +
| archivedate = 2012-08-11
 +
| archiveurl  = http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usatoday.com%2Fnews%2Fwashington%2F2007-10-11-guantanamo-combatants_N.htm&date=2012-08-11
 +
| deadurl    = no
 +
| quote      = Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation.
 +
}} 
 +
</ref>
 +
In 2004 the [[United States Supreme Court]] ruled, in [[Rasul v. Bush]], that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.
 +
 +
===Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants===
 +
 +
Following the Supreme Court's ruling the [[Department of Defense]] set up the [[Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants]].<ref name=UsaToday20071011/>
 +
According to official policy the 520 captives who, like Laalami, had their "enemy combatant" status confirmed in 2004, should have had a annual followup hearings convened.  Laalami should have had a followup status review convened by OARDEC in 2005, but there is no record that one was convened.<ref name=NYTimesGuantanamoDocketIsn237/>
 +
 +
A one page [[Summary of Evidence (CSRT)|Summary of Evidence]] was drafted on August 17, 2004.<ref name=NYTimesGuantanamoDocketIsn237/>
 +
The allegations that memo listed included that: he was ''"recruited"'' in Morocco; that he traveled to Afghanistan for ''"jihad"''; that he attended the [[Al Farouq training camp]]; that he was trained to use the [[Kalashnikov]] and the "[[RPG-PK pistol]]"; and that he carried a rifle and pulled guard duty during the [[battle of Tora Bora]], where he was captured.
 +
 +
Mohammed chose to participate in his Combatant Status Review Tribunal.<ref name=CsrtTranscriptIsn237>
 +
http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf#page=72
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf
 +
| title      = Summarized Detainee Statement under Affirmation (ISN 237)
 +
| publisher  = [[United Stated Department of Defense]]
 +
| author      = [[OARDEC]]
 +
| date        = 2004
 +
| pages      = 72-73
 +
| accessdate  = 2013-09-18
 +
| archivedate = 2006-03-09
 +
| archiveurl  = http://web.archive.org/web/20060309155243/http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf
 +
| deadurl    = No
 +
| quote      =
 +
}}
 +
</ref>
 +
The Department of Defense published a three page summarized transcript.
 +
 +
Mohammed was confused over whether the Tribunal was a court of law, and wanted to know what crimes he was being charged with.<ref name=CsrtTranscriptIsn237/>
 +
 +
Mohammed denied that he was recruited in Morocco.<ref name=CsrtTranscriptIsn237/>
 +
Mohammed denied that he being trained at the [[al Farouq training camp]].  He claimed he made these confessions, in Afghanistan, when he was first captured, and was being beaten and threatened with death.  He claimed both Afghans and Americans beat him during his interrogations in Afghanistan.
 +
 +
He denied being captured by the Northern Alliance in [[Tora Bora]].<ref name=CsrtTranscriptIsn237/> 
 +
He denied ever being in Tora Bora.  He was captured in a village near [[Jalalabad]].
 +
He denied possessing any weapons.
 +
 +
Mohammed traveled to Afghanistan, with his family, on a religious pilgrimage.<ref name=CsrtTranscriptIsn237/>
 +
When asked if he visited holy sites in Afghanistan he explained: ''"Pilgrimage can mean it is for religion, but I meant when you leave a place for good it is a pilgrimage."''
 +
 +
===Formerly secret Joint Task Force Guantanamo assessment===
 +
 +
On April 25, 2011, whistleblower organization [[WikiLeaks]] published formerly secret assessments drafted by [[Joint Task Force Guantanamo]] analysts.<ref name=TelegraphWikiLeaksRevealed2011-04-25>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8471907/WikiLeaks-Guantanamo-Bay-terrorist-secrets-revealed.html
 +
| title      = WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Bay terrorist secrets revealed -- Guantanamo Bay has been used to incarcerate dozens of terrorists who have admitted plotting terrifying attacks against the West – while imprisoning more than 150 totally innocent people, top-secret files disclose
 +
| publisher  = [[The Telegraph (UK)]]
 +
| date        = 2011-04-27
 +
| accessdate  = 2012-07-13
 +
| author      = Christopher Hope, Robert Winnett, Holly Watt, Heidi Blake
 +
| archivedate = 2012-07-13
 +
| archiveurl  = http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fworldnews%2Fwikileaks%2F8471907%2FWikiLeaks-Guantanamo-Bay-terrorist-secrets-revealed.html&date=2012-07-13
 +
| deadurl = no
 +
| quote      = The Daily Telegraph, along with other newspapers including The Washington Post, today exposes America’s own analysis of almost ten years of controversial interrogations on the world’s most dangerous terrorists. This newspaper has been shown thousands of pages of top-secret files obtained by the WikiLeaks website.
 +
}} 
 +
</ref><ref name=TheTelegraphDabDatabase>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/guantanamo-bay-wikileaks-files/8476672/WikiLeaks-The-Guantanamo-files-database.html
 +
| title      = WikiLeaks: The Guantánamo files database
 +
| publisher  = [[The Telegraph (UK)]]
 +
| date        = 2011-04-27
 +
| accessdate  = 2012-07-10
 +
| archivedate =
 +
| archiveurl  =
 +
| deadurl = no
 +
}} 
 +
</ref>
 +
His assement was two pages long, and was drafted on December 27, 2003.<ref name=TheTelegraphDabIsn237>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/guantanamo-bay-wikileaks-files/8477152/Guantanamo-Bay-detainee-file-on-Mohamad-Souleimani-Laalmai-US9MO-000237DP.html
 +
| title      = Mohamad Souleimani Laalmai: Guantanamo Bay detainee file on Mohamad Souleimani Laalmai, US9MO-000237DP, passed to the Telegraph by Wikileaks
 +
| publisher  = [[The Telegraph (UK)]]
 +
| date        = 2011-04-27
 +
| page        =
 +
| accessdate  = 2013-09-18
 +
| archivedate =
 +
| archiveurl  =
 +
| deadurl = no
 +
| quote      =
 +
}} 
 +
</ref>
 +
The assessment was signed by camp commandant [[Geoffrey D. Miller]], who recommended continue detention in Guantanamo.<ref name=JtfGtmoAssessmentIsn237>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://wikileaks.ch/gitmo/pdf/mo/us9mo-000237dp.pdf
 +
| title      = Recommendation for Continued Detention Under DoD Control (CD) for Guantanamo Detainee, ISN US9AG
 +
| publisher  = [[Joint Task Force Guantanamo]]
 +
| author      = [[Geoffrey D. Miller]]
 +
| date        = 2003-12-27
 +
| accessdate  = 2013-09-18
 +
| quote      =
 +
}} 
 +
{{commons-inline|File:ISN 00237, Suleiman M Al Alami's Guantanamo detainee assessment.pdf}}
 +
</ref>
 +
 +
==Repatriation==
 +
 +
Laalami was repatriated on February 7, 2006, with two other Moroccan captives, [[Najib Lahssini]] and [[Mohamed Ouali]].<ref name=ConsolidatedReleaseList/>
 +
The ''[[La Gazette du Maroc]]'' reported on February 27, 2006, that his two companions had been released on parole, but that Laalami remained in detention.<ref name=GazetteMaroc>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.lagazettedumaroc.com/articles.php?id_artl=9185
 +
| title      = Liberté provisoire pour Ouali et Lahssini
 +
| publisher  = [[La Gazette du Maroc]]
 +
| author      = Youssef Chmirou
 +
| date        = 2006-02-27
 +
| page        =
 +
| location    =
 +
| isbn        =
 +
| accessdate  = 2013-09-18
 +
| language    = [[French language|French]]
 +
| trans_title = Bail for Ouali and Lahssini
 +
| archivedate = 2013-09-18
 +
| archiveurl  = http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lagazettedumaroc.com%2Farticles.php%3Fid_artl%3D9185&date=2013-09-18
 +
| deadurl    = No
 +
| quote      = Reste seul Mohamed Slimani Alami, retenu à la prison civile de Salé (lire l’entretien avec sa mère Zahra Zgani) pour complément d’enquête. Pour cette dernière, elle ne croit pas que son fils ait eu la capacité intellectuelle et psychologique de jouer un rôle actif dans un réseau terroriste aussi virulent et aussi résolu qu’est Al Qaida.
 +
}}
 +
</ref>
 +
==Moroccan conviction==
 +
 +
On November 10, 2006 Laalami and two other Moroccans said to be former Guantanamo detainees, were sentenced by a Moroccan court.<ref name=TheJurist061112>
 +
[http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/paperchase/2006/11/morocco-sentences-three-former.php Morocco sentences three former Guantanamo detainees], ''[[The Jurist]]'', November 12, 2006
 +
</ref><ref name=AssociatedPress061110>
 +
[http://apnews.myway.com/article/20061111/D8LB35BO0.html Morocco Jails 3 Ex-Guantanamo Detainees], ''[[Associated Press]]'', November 10, 2006
 +
</ref><ref name=AlJazeera061112>
 +
[http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/06E7D0A5-5839-4BBA-B59B-7A0A2FDF8D72.htm Rabat jails ex-Guantanamo detainees], ''[[Al Jazeera]]'',  November 12, 2006</ref> 
 +
Laalami, was sentenced for a five year term, for starting a "criminal group". 
 +
The other two Moroccans, named [[Najib Mohammad Lahassimi]]
 +
and [[Mohammed Ouali]],<ref were sentenced to three years for falsifying documents.
 +
Historian [[Andy Worthington]], the author of ''[[The Guantanamo Files]]'' wrote that his conviction was overturned in 2007.<ref name=AndyWorthington>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.andyworthington.co.uk/the-guantanamo-files-website-extras-tora-bora/
 +
| title      = The Guantánamo Files: Website Extras (2) – Tora Bora
 +
| publisher  =
 +
| author      = [[Andy Worthington]]
 +
| date        = 2007-11-27
 +
| page        =
 +
| location    =
 +
| isbn        =
 +
| accessdate  = 2013-09-18
 +
| archivedate =
 +
| archiveurl  =
 +
| deadurl    = No
 +
| quote      = In November 2006, he was convicted of setting up a “criminal gang,” being active in an unauthorized group and taking part in unauthorized gatherings. He was sentenced to five years in prison, but the sentence was quashed on appeal in May 2007, when he was, effectively, cleared of all the charges against him.
 +
}}
 +
</ref>
 +
 +
==Death fighting the Assad regime celebrated ==
 +
 +
[[Carol Rosenberg]], writing in the ''[[Miami Herald]]'', reported that [[Syria]]n rebel leader Sheik [[Abu Ahmad al Muhajir]] gave a eulogy for ''"Mohammed al Alami"'', as did another former [[Moroccan detainee at Guantanamo Bay]], [[Ibrahim Bin Shakran]].<ref name=MiamiHerald2013-09-18>
 +
{{cite news
 +
| url        = http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/09/17/3633584/ex-guantanamo-detainee-dies-fighting.html
 +
| title      = Ex-Guantánamo detainee dies fighting Assad in Syria
 +
| publisher  = [[Miami Herald]]
 +
| author      = [[Carol Rosenberg]]
 +
| accessdate  = 2013-09-18
 +
| archivedate = 2013-09-17
 +
| archiveurl  = http://web.archive.org/liveweb/http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/09/17/3633584/ex-guantanamo-detainee-dies-fighting.html <!-- http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.miamiherald.com%2F2013%2F09%2F17%2F3633584%2Fex-guantanamo-detainee-dies-fighting.html&date=2013-09-18 -->
 +
| deadurl    = No
 +
| quote      = The Syrian Islamic Movement posted the video Monday on YouTube. It shows the body of a fallen fighter in his 30s or 40s and a rebel leader, Sheik Abu Ahmad al Muhajir, eulogizing the man as Mohammed al Alami, a Northwest African veteran of the jihad in Afghanistan “who went through hardship for the sake of God in the prison of the Americans in Guantánamo for five years.”
 +
}}
 +
</ref>
 +
Rosenberg wrote that he was the first former Guantanamo captives who was known to have died in Syria.  She wrote that rumors that a former captive had died there had circulated, since August 5, 2013, but his identity had only recently been firmly established, when videos of the eulogies started to circulate.
 +
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
 +
 +
<!--
 +
    The following categories contain articles about individuals who almost
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    all have names that follow the style for Arabic names.
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    Arabic names don't have European style surnames that are inherited, father to son.
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    So, there is no point changing the order in which they are sorted in the categories.
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    Thanks!
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-->
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[[Category:People held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp]]
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[[Category:Moroccan extrajudicial prisoners of the United States]]
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[[Category:Living people]]
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[[Category:1965 births]]
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[[Category:Guantanamo detainees known to have been released]]

Latest revision as of 00:37, 13 January 2020

Mohammed Souleimani Laalami (born March 4, 1965) is a citizen of Morocco, held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba.[1] Laalami's Guantanamo detainee ID number is 237. The Department of Defense reports he was born on March 4, 1965, in Casablanca, Morocco. He arrived in Guantanamo on February 8, 2002, and was repatriated on February 7, 2006.[2][3][4]

Official status reviews

Combatant Status Review Tribunals were held in a trailer the size of a large RV. The captive sat on a plastic garden chair, with his hands and feet shackled to a bolt in the floor.[5][6] Three chairs were reserved for members of the press, but only 37 of the 574 Tribunals were observed.[7]

Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention.[8] In 2004 the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.

Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants

Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants.[8] According to official policy the 520 captives who, like Laalami, had their "enemy combatant" status confirmed in 2004, should have had a annual followup hearings convened. Laalami should have had a followup status review convened by OARDEC in 2005, but there is no record that one was convened.[4]

A one page Summary of Evidence was drafted on August 17, 2004.[4] The allegations that memo listed included that: he was "recruited" in Morocco; that he traveled to Afghanistan for "jihad"; that he attended the Al Farouq training camp; that he was trained to use the Kalashnikov and the "RPG-PK pistol"; and that he carried a rifle and pulled guard duty during the battle of Tora Bora, where he was captured.

Mohammed chose to participate in his Combatant Status Review Tribunal.[9] The Department of Defense published a three page summarized transcript.

Mohammed was confused over whether the Tribunal was a court of law, and wanted to know what crimes he was being charged with.[9]

Mohammed denied that he was recruited in Morocco.[9] Mohammed denied that he being trained at the al Farouq training camp. He claimed he made these confessions, in Afghanistan, when he was first captured, and was being beaten and threatened with death. He claimed both Afghans and Americans beat him during his interrogations in Afghanistan.

He denied being captured by the Northern Alliance in Tora Bora.[9] He denied ever being in Tora Bora. He was captured in a village near Jalalabad. He denied possessing any weapons.

Mohammed traveled to Afghanistan, with his family, on a religious pilgrimage.[9] When asked if he visited holy sites in Afghanistan he explained: "Pilgrimage can mean it is for religion, but I meant when you leave a place for good it is a pilgrimage."

Formerly secret Joint Task Force Guantanamo assessment

On April 25, 2011, whistleblower organization WikiLeaks published formerly secret assessments drafted by Joint Task Force Guantanamo analysts.[10][11] His assement was two pages long, and was drafted on December 27, 2003.[12] The assessment was signed by camp commandant Geoffrey D. Miller, who recommended continue detention in Guantanamo.[13]

Repatriation

Laalami was repatriated on February 7, 2006, with two other Moroccan captives, Najib Lahssini and Mohamed Ouali.[3] The La Gazette du Maroc reported on February 27, 2006, that his two companions had been released on parole, but that Laalami remained in detention.[14]

Moroccan conviction

On November 10, 2006 Laalami and two other Moroccans said to be former Guantanamo detainees, were sentenced by a Moroccan court.[15][16][17] Laalami, was sentenced for a five year term, for starting a "criminal group". The other two Moroccans, named Najib Mohammad Lahassimi and Mohammed Ouali,[18]

Death fighting the Assad regime celebrated

Carol Rosenberg, writing in the Miami Herald, reported that Syrian rebel leader Sheik Abu Ahmad al Muhajir gave a eulogy for "Mohammed al Alami", as did another former Moroccan detainee at Guantanamo Bay, Ibrahim Bin Shakran.[19] Rosenberg wrote that he was the first former Guantanamo captives who was known to have died in Syria. She wrote that rumors that a former captive had died there had circulated, since August 5, 2013, but his identity had only recently been firmly established, when videos of the eulogies started to circulate.

References

  1. "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006". United States Department of Defense. http://www.dod.mil/news/May2006/d20060515%20List.pdf. Retrieved 2006-05-15.  16x16px Works related to List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006 at Wikisource
  2. "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)". Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas, from DoD data. Archived from the original on 2008-11-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20081109191207/http://humanrights.ucdavis.edu/resources/library/documents-and-reports/gtmo_heightsweights.pdf. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 OARDEC (2008-10-09). "Consolidate chronological listing of GTMO detainees released, transferred or deceased". Department of Defense. http://www.dod.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/09-F-0031_doc1.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Margot Williams (2008-11-03). "Guantanamo Docket: Mohammed Souleimani Laalami". New York Times. http://projects.nytimes.com/guantanamo/detainees/237-mohammed-souleimani-laalami. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  5. Guantánamo Prisoners Getting Their Day, but Hardly in Court, New York Times, November 11, 2004 - mirror
  6. Inside the Guantánamo Bay hearings: Barbarian "Justice" dispensed by KGB-style "military tribunals", Financial Times, December 11, 2004
  7. "Annual Administrative Review Boards for Enemy Combatants Held at Guantanamo Attributable to Senior Defense Officials". United States Department of Defense. March 6, 2007. http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=3902. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use". USA Today. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-11. http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-10-11-guantanamo-combatants_N.htm. "Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation." 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf#page=72 OARDEC (2004). "Summarized Detainee Statement under Affirmation (ISN 237)". United Stated Department of Defense. pp. 72-73. Archived from the original on 2006-03-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20060309155243/http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/foi/detainees/csrt/Set_33_2302-2425.pdf. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  10. Christopher Hope, Robert Winnett, Holly Watt, Heidi Blake (2011-04-27). "WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Bay terrorist secrets revealed -- Guantanamo Bay has been used to incarcerate dozens of terrorists who have admitted plotting terrifying attacks against the West – while imprisoning more than 150 totally innocent people, top-secret files disclose". The Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8471907/WikiLeaks-Guantanamo-Bay-terrorist-secrets-revealed.html. Retrieved 2012-07-13. "The Daily Telegraph, along with other newspapers including The Washington Post, today exposes America’s own analysis of almost ten years of controversial interrogations on the world’s most dangerous terrorists. This newspaper has been shown thousands of pages of top-secret files obtained by the WikiLeaks website." 
  11. "WikiLeaks: The Guantánamo files database". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/guantanamo-bay-wikileaks-files/8476672/WikiLeaks-The-Guantanamo-files-database.html. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  12. "Mohamad Souleimani Laalmai: Guantanamo Bay detainee file on Mohamad Souleimani Laalmai, US9MO-000237DP, passed to the Telegraph by Wikileaks". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/guantanamo-bay-wikileaks-files/8477152/Guantanamo-Bay-detainee-file-on-Mohamad-Souleimani-Laalmai-US9MO-000237DP.html. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  13. Geoffrey D. Miller (2003-12-27). "Recommendation for Continued Detention Under DoD Control (CD) for Guantanamo Detainee, ISN US9AG". Joint Task Force Guantanamo. http://wikileaks.ch/gitmo/pdf/mo/us9mo-000237dp.pdf. Retrieved 2013-09-18.  16x16px Media related to File:ISN 00237, Suleiman M Al Alami's Guantanamo detainee assessment.pdf at Wikimedia Commons
  14. Youssef Chmirou (2006-02-27). "Liberté provisoire pour Ouali et Lahssini [Bail for Ouali and Lahssini]" (in French). La Gazette du Maroc. Archived from the original on 2013-09-18. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lagazettedumaroc.com%2Farticles.php%3Fid_artl%3D9185&date=2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "Reste seul Mohamed Slimani Alami, retenu à la prison civile de Salé (lire l’entretien avec sa mère Zahra Zgani) pour complément d’enquête. Pour cette dernière, elle ne croit pas que son fils ait eu la capacité intellectuelle et psychologique de jouer un rôle actif dans un réseau terroriste aussi virulent et aussi résolu qu’est Al Qaida." 
  15. Morocco sentences three former Guantanamo detainees, The Jurist, November 12, 2006
  16. Morocco Jails 3 Ex-Guantanamo Detainees, Associated Press, November 10, 2006
  17. Rabat jails ex-Guantanamo detainees, Al Jazeera, November 12, 2006
  18. Andy Worthington (2007-11-27). "The Guantánamo Files: Website Extras (2) – Tora Bora". http://www.andyworthington.co.uk/the-guantanamo-files-website-extras-tora-bora/. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "In November 2006, he was convicted of setting up a “criminal gang,” being active in an unauthorized group and taking part in unauthorized gatherings. He was sentenced to five years in prison, but the sentence was quashed on appeal in May 2007, when he was, effectively, cleared of all the charges against him." 
  19. Carol Rosenberg. "Ex-Guantánamo detainee dies fighting Assad in Syria". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. http://web.archive.org/liveweb/http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/09/17/3633584/ex-guantanamo-detainee-dies-fighting.html. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "The Syrian Islamic Movement posted the video Monday on YouTube. It shows the body of a fallen fighter in his 30s or 40s and a rebel leader, Sheik Abu Ahmad al Muhajir, eulogizing the man as Mohammed al Alami, a Northwest African veteran of the jihad in Afghanistan “who went through hardship for the sake of God in the prison of the Americans in Guantánamo for five years.”"