Difference between revisions of "Brides of Daesh"

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* Suspected of playing a role in recruiting the four students from [[Bethnal Green]].<ref name=bbc2015-02-22/><ref name=Bbc2015-04-07/>
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* Suspected of playing a role in recruiting the four students from [[Bethnal Green]].<ref name=bbc2015-02-22/><ref name=Bbc2015-04-07/><ref name=Stv2015-04-07/>
 
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Revision as of 02:06, 23 February 2019

Numerous young women either traveled to Daesh territory to join their husbands or boyfriends, or traveled there to find a husband.[1][2]

Some of these women have been the subject of extensive press coverage.[1][2]

Women who voluntarily travelled to Daesh territory who subsequently became prominent
image name birth
year
date of
volunteering
date of
defection
home
country
notes
Aqsa Mahmood 2013 United Kingdom
Hoda Muthana 1994 2014 United States
  • Started making inflammatory tweets after her first husband was killed in action.[6]
Salma Halane 1998 2014 United Kingdom
  • Twin sister of Zahra Halane, active in recruiting more volunteers after her arrival in Daesh territory.[7]
Zahra Halane 1998 2014 United Kingdom
  • Twin sister of Salma Halane, active in recruiting more volunteers after her arrival in Daesh territory.[7]
Tara Nettleton 1983 2013 Australia
  • Was able to travel to Daesh territory with her husband, Khaled Sharrouf, even though his passport had been cancelled due to an earlier terrorism conviction.[7] The couple brought their children with them.
Zaynab Sharrouf 2001 2013 Australia
  • Brought to Daesh territory by her parents Tara Nettleton and Khaled Sharrouf when she was just thirteen years old.[7] Married to a jihadi fighter, Mohammed Elomar, her father's best friend, at just fourteen years old.[8]
Zehra Duman 1993 2014 Australia
  • Served as a recruiter following her arrival in Daesh territory.[7]
Shams 2015 Malaysia
  • Shams is a medical doctor.[7]
Kimberley Gwen Polman Canada-United States
  • Describes first trying to defect after being in Daesh for a year, only to be captured, imprisoned, tortured and raped.[9]
Shamima Begum 2001 2015 United Kingdom
  • One of four young women from her high school to volunteer.[10]
Amira Abase 2001 2015 United Kingdom
  • In February 2019 she was described as "missing".[11]
Kadiza Sultana 2000 2015 United Kingdom
Nassima Begum
Reema Iqbal
  • "The security services came to speak to me and I was honest, I told them my whole story so now it's up to them to judge."[2]
Sharmeena Begum 1999 2014
  • In February 2019 she was described as "missing".[11]
Sally Jones
Fatiha Mejjati Morocco
  • Commanded "the Islamic State's al-Khansaa brigade, an all-female detachment that polices the group's strictures against wearing makeup or showing bare skin."[13]


[7]

[3]

[14]

[4]

[15]

[16]

[17]

[18]

[19]

[20]

[21]

[22]

[23]

[24]

[25]

[26]

[27]

[28]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Vikram Dodd and Esther Addley (2019-02-15). "Shamima Begum may have criminalised herself, says senior terrorism officer: Family calls for her return to UK and considers legal action to stop government blocking it". The Guardian (UK). Archived from the original on 2019-02-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20190215214642/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/15/mi6-chief-britons-joined-isis-cannot-stopped-returning-shamima-begum. "In 2015, Begum left with two school friends from their home in Bethnal Green to join Isis in Syria. She said this week that she did not regret her decision to go to Syria, but that she was nine months pregnant and wanted to come home to 'live quietly with [her] child'." 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "IS teen's wish to return stirs UK debate over jihadi brides". France 24 (London). 2019-02-15. Archived from the original on 2019-02-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20190215181844/https://www.france24.com/en/20190215-teens-wish-return-stirs-uk-debate-over-jihadi-brides. "The Times newspaper managed to find an unrepentant Begum -- now 19 and about to give birth for the third time after seeing her first two children die -- at a refugee camp in eastern Syria." 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Syria girls: Families 'cannot stop crying'". BBC News. 2015-02-22. Archived from the original on 2018-10-24. https://web.archive.org/web/20181023191708/https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-31575908. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 James Cook (2015-03-16). "Glasgow 'jihadist' Aqsa Mahmood denies recruiting London girls". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-10-29. https://web.archive.org/web/20181029235623/https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-31908202. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  5. "Scots jihadi will be prosecuted if she comes home, say police". STV TV. 2015-03-10. Archived from the original on 2018-07-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20180701084654/https://stv.tv/news/west-central/313329-scots-jihadi-aqsa-mahmood-will-be-prosecuted-if-she-comes-home-say-police/. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  6. Martin Chulov, Bethan McKernan (2019-02-17). "Hoda Muthana 'deeply regrets' joining Isis and wants to return home". The Guardian (al-Hawl, Syria). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/17/us-woman-hoda-muthana-deeply-regrets-joining-isis-and-wants-return-home. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "For many months in 2015, her Twitter feed was full of bloodcurdling incitement, and she says she remained a zealot until the following year. She now says her account was taken over by others." 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Erin Marie Saltman, Melanie Smith (2015). 'Till Martyrdom Do Us Part' Gender and the ISIS Phenomenon. Institute for Strategic Dialogue. p. 4. Archived from the original on 2016-03-30. https://web.archive.org/web/20160330210121/http://www.strategicdialogue.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Till_Martyrdom_Do_Us_Part_Gender_and_the_ISIS_Phenomenon.pdf. Retrieved 2016-02-25. 
  8. "Who are the Australian women travelling to Syria as brides of the Caliphate?". The News (au). 2016-05-08. https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/real-life/true-stories/who-are-the-australian-women-travelling-to-syria-as-brides-of-the-caliphate/news-story/d141a6d6d22cfe9af2122a2c6c305a3e. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "Also from Melbourne, Zehra married a Melbourne man who was fighting for Islamic State, Mahmoud Abdullatif. He was killed in action just five weeks later." 
  9. Rukmini Callimachi, Catherine Porter (2019-02-19). "2 American Wives of ISIS Militants Want to Return Home". The New York Times (al Hawl Camp, Syria): p. A1. Archived from the original on 2019-02-20. https://web.archive.org/web/20190220173050/https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/19/us/islamic-state-american-women.html. "Ms. Muthana and Ms. Polman acknowledged in the interview here that many Americans would question whether they deserved to be brought back home after joining one of the world’s deadliest terrorist groups." 
  10. Anthony Loyd (13 February 2019). "Shamima Begum: Bring me home, says Bethnal Green girl who left to join Isis". The Times (Al-Hawl, Syria). ISSN 0140-0460. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/shamima-begum-bring-me-home-says-bethnal-green-girl-who-fled-to-join-isis-hgvqw765d. Retrieved 2019-02-22. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Kelly McLaughlin (2019-02-19). "ISIS brides from Canada, the US, and Europe are asking to return home years after fleeing for Syria. Here are their stories.". This is insider. https://www.thisisinsider.com/isis-brides-asking-to-return-home-years-after-fleeing-for-syria-2019-2#shamima-begum-fled-london-for-syria-when-she-was-15-years-old-1. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "Sultana is now believed to be dead, Sharmeena Begum and Abase are missing, Riedijk has turned himself in to authorities, and Shamima Begum is asking to return to London." 
  12. Paul Sperry (2017-05-13). "Meet the American women who are flocking to join ISIS". New York Post. https://nypost.com/2017/05/13/meet-the-western-women-who-are-flocking-to-join-isis/. Retrieved 2019-02-21. 
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Wapo
  14. "Isil defector girls' families go to Turkey to probe disappearance". The Daily Telegraph. 2015-03-23. Archived from the original on 2018-07-03. https://web.archive.org/web/20180703011231/https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/terrorism-in-the-uk/11491142/Isil-defector-girls-families-go-to-Turkey-to-probe-disappearance.html. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  15. Ben Morgan (2015-03-27). "Jihadi schoolgirl's father marched at flag-burning rally". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 2018-08-29. https://web.archive.org/web/20180829084333/https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/jihadi-schoolgirl-s-father-marched-at-flag-burning-rally-anjem-choudary-10138591.html. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  16. "Father of schoolgirl feared to have joined Islamic State denies 'extremism' claim". ITV News. 2015-04-07. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20171201040641/http://www.itv.com/news/london/2015-04-07/father-of-schoolgirl-feared-to-have-joined-islamic-state-denies-extremism-claim/. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  17. David Barrett (2015-03-10). "Three 'Jihadi brides' from London who travelled to Syria will not face terrorism charges if they return". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2019-02-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20190215021715/https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/11461693/Sisters-of-the-missing-jihadi-brides-to-face-radicalisation-tests.html. Retrieved 2015-04-15. 
  18. Nigel Morris (2015-03-12). "Police sorry for failure to warn families of Isis girls about schoolfriend's flight". The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20171201031712/http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=11415790. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  19. "Leaders: Vigilance crucial or more will be lost to IS". The Scotsman. 2015-03-10. Archived from the original on 2018-07-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20180701083223/https://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/leaders-vigilance-crucial-or-more-will-be-lost-to-is-1-3715147. Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  20. "David Cameron concerned over Syria-bound London girls". BBC News. 2015-03-31. Archived from the original on 2019-01-26. https://web.archive.org/web/20190126003311/https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-32134575. Retrieved 7 April 2015-04-15. 
  21. Owen Bowcott (2015-03-25). "Travel ban for five east London girls over fears they will join Isis in Syria". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2018-06-20. https://web.archive.org/web/20180620232502/https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/mar/27/five-girls-barred-from-travel-same-school-three-teenagers-syria-bethnal-green-academy. Retrieved 7 April 2015-04-07. 
  22. De Peyer, Robin (2017-08-06). "Families fear Bethnal Green schoolgirls who travelled to join Isis are now dead". London Evening Standard (London). Archived from the original on 2018-07-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20180701032154/https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/families-fear-bethnal-green-schoolgirls-who-travelled-to-join-isis-are-now-dead-a3605096.html. Retrieved 2018-07-01. 
  23. a{cite news | url = https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/aug/11/london-schoolgirl-kadiza-sultana-who-joined-isis-believed-killed-in-syria-airstrike | title = Kadiza Sultana: London schoolgirl who joined Isis believed killed in Syria airstrike | work = The Guardian | authors = Jon Henley, Vikram Dodd | date = 2016-08-12 | accessdate = 2016-08-12 | archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20190214140506/https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/aug/11/london-schoolgirl-kadiza-sultana-who-joined-isis-believed-killed-in-syria-airstrike | archivedate = 2019-02-14 | deadurl = No | quote = }}
  24. Milena, Vesselinovic, Sheena McKenzie (2016-08-14). "Family fears British girl who went to Syria is dead". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2019-07-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20180701054854/https://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/11/middleeast/uk-isis-missing-girls/. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  25. Lizzie Dearden (2016-08-14). "Isis jihadi bride Kadiza Sultana 'abandoned efforts to escape Syria after Austrian girl beaten to death'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2018-07-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20180701043651/https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/isis-latest-syria-british-bride-kadiza-sultana-killed-air-strike-death-gave-up-after-girl-beaten-a7186661.html. Retrieved 2016-08-13. 
  26. "Families fear Bethnal Green schoolgirls who travelled to join Isis are now dead". Opride.com (OPride.com). 2017-12-04. Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. https://web.archive.org/web/20181230193254/https://www.opride.com/2017/12/04/3286/. Retrieved 2018-07-01. 
  27. "Shamima Begum: Ex-Bethnal Green schoolgirl who joined IS 'wants to come home'". 2019-02-13. Archived from the original on 2019-02-14. https://web.archive.org/web/20190214093749/https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-47229181. 
  28. "Shamima Begum: Bring me home, says Bethnal Green girl who fled to join Isis". The Times. 2019-02-13. Archived from the original on 2019-02-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20190215034629/https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/shamima-begum-bring-me-home-says-bethnal-green-girl-who-fled-to-join-isis-hgvqw765d. Retrieved 2019-02-13.