Difference between revisions of "Aklavik (HBC vessel)"

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(I believe I am the sole author of the intellectual content of this article, so I don't think it requires a {{tl|wp-cca}} tag)
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{|{{Infobox ship begin <!-- commercial vessels -->
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{{italic title|Aklavik}}
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[[File:Aklavik, a Hudson's Bay Company cargo vessel, that may have made an unofficial transit of the Northwest Passage.jpg|thumb|''Aklavik'', a Hudson's Bay Company cargo vessel, that may have made an unofficial transit of the Northwest Passage.]]
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The '''''Aklavik''''' was a small cargo vessel the [[Hudson's Bay Company]] used to carry supplies, and furs, to and from its outposts in the high Arctic.<ref name=ProfileGall/>  She was active in the first half of the 20th century.
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|Ship image=Aklavik, a Hudson's Bay Company cargo vessel, that may have made an unofficial transit of the Northwest Passage.jpg
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|Ship image size= 300px
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|Ship caption=''Aklavik'', a [[Hudson's Bay Company]] cargo vessel, that may have made an unofficial transit of the [[Northwest Passage]]
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}}
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{{Infobox ship career
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|Ship name=''Aklavik''
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|Ship operator=[[Hudson's Bay Company]]
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'''''Aklavik''''' was a small cargo vessel the [[Hudson's Bay Company]] used to carry supplies, and furs, to and from its outposts in the high Arctic.<ref name=ProfileGall/>  She was active in the first half of the 20th century.
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==Construction==
 
==Construction==
[[File:A tractor tows the HBC vessel Aklavik over the Fort Smith portage, in 1923.jpg|thumb|left|A tractor tows ''Aklavik'' over the [[Fort Smith, Northwest Territories|Fort Smith]] portage, to her real launch, in 1923.]]
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[[File:A tractor tows the HBC vessel Aklavik over the Fort Smith portage, in 1923.jpg|thumb|left|A tractor tows the ''Aklavik'' over the Fort Smith portage, to her real launch, in 1923.]]
  
She was {{convert|60|ft|abbr=on}} long, had a cargo capacity of about 45 tons, and was mainly propelled by sail, although she had a {{convert|35|shp|kW|adj=on|lk=in}} auxiliary engine.<ref name=ProfileGall/><ref name=KitikmeotHeritage/>
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She was {{convert|60|ft|m}} long, had a cargo capacity of about 45 tonnes, and was mainly propelled by sail, although she had a {{convert|35|shp|kW}} auxiliary engine.<ref name=ProfileGall/><ref name=KitikmeotHeritage/>
  
''Aklavik'' was built in [[Vancouver]], then shipped, by rail, to [[Fort McMurray]], then the northernmost terminus of the [[North American railgrid]]. Up until the railgrid was extended to the riverport of [[Hay River, Northwest Territories|Hay River]], on [[Great Slave Lake]], every vessel operating on, or transiting, the [[Mackenzie River]], was shipped to Fort McMurray, then proceeded to a [[portage]] around the extensive rapids on the [[Slave River]], near [[Fort Smith, Northwest Territories|Fort Smith]].<ref name=KitikmeotHeritage/> ''Aklavik'' was towed from Fort McMurray to the portage, without any engines. Used engines were installed after she transited the portage.
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The ''Aklavik'' was built in [[Vancouver]], then shipped, by rail, to [[Fort McMurray]], then the northernmost terminus of the [[North American railgrid]]. Up until the railgrid was extended to the riverport of [[Hay River, NWT]], on [[Great Slave Lake]], every vessel operating on, or transitting, the [[Mackenzie River]], was shipped to Fort McMurray, then proceeded to a portage around the extensive rapids on the [[Slave River]], near [[Fort Smith, Northwest Territories|Fort Smith]].<ref name=KitikmeotHeritage/> The ''Aklavik'' was towed from Fort McMurray to the portage, without any engines. Used engines were installed after she transitted the portage.
  
 
==Operational history==
 
==Operational history==
  
She was frozen in, over-winter, in [[Bernard Harbour]], in 1930, resulting in her sinking, but she was refloated.<ref name=KitikmeotHeritage/>
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She was frozen in, over-winter, in [[Bernard Harbour]], in 1930, resulting in her sinking, but she was refloated.<ref name=KitikmeotHeritage/>
  
Some sources report that ''Aklavik'' was actually the second vessel to traverse the [[Northwest Passage]], in 1937, under the command of [[Scotty Gall]], not the [[Royal Canadian Mounted Police]] (RCMP) schooner {{ship||St. Roch|ship|2}}.<ref name=ProfileGall/>
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Some sources report that the ''Aklavik'' was actually the second vessel to traverse the [[Northwest Passage]], in 1937, under the command of [[Scott Gall]], not the [[RCMP]] schooner [[St. Roch (schooner)|''St. Roch'']].<ref name=ProfileGall/>
 
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According to the Hudson's Bay Company, however, since, after transitting the [[Bellot Strait]], to [[Baffin Bay]], she rendevoused with a larger ship in the Company's fleet, the [[SS Nascopie|''Nascopie'']], transferred some cargo, and then turned around, stopping short of a full traverse of the passage.<ref name=HbcHeritageNascopie/>
According to the Hudson's Bay Company, however, since, after transiting the [[Bellot Strait]], to [[Baffin Bay]], she rendezvoused with a larger ship in the Company's fleet, {{SS|Nascopie||2}}, transferred some cargo, and then turned around, stopping short of a full traverse of the passage.<ref name=HbcHeritageNascopie/>
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Later in 1942, the ship was sold, for $1, to Patsy Klengenberg, son of [[Christian Klengenberg]], for him to resupply trading posts at [[King William Island]]. On 31 August 1946, Klengenberg had anchored the ''Aklavik'' at [[Cambridge Bay]]. While starting the engine a fire broke out, the ship exploded and Klengenberg was killed.<ref>[https://www.nwttimeline.ca/1900/1915_PatsyKlengenberg.htm 1915 Patsy Klengenberg]</ref><ref>[https://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/cae/peo624e.html Patsy Klengenberg Canadian Museum of History]</ref><ref>[https://www.kitikmeotheritage.ca/angulalik-patsy-klengenberg Patsy Klengenberg Kitikmeot Heritage]</ref>
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==References==
 
==References==
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| page        =  
 
| page        =  
 
| location    =  
 
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| archiveurl  =
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| archivedate =
 
| accessdate  = 2017-04-29
 
| accessdate  = 2017-04-29
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| deadurl    = No
 
| quote      = Named after First Nations people of Quebec and Labrador, Nascopie was designed and built in England at Wallsend on Tyne in 1911.  
 
| quote      = Named after First Nations people of Quebec and Labrador, Nascopie was designed and built in England at Wallsend on Tyne in 1911.  
 
}}
 
}}
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| location    =  
 
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| accessdate  = 2017-04-29
 
| accessdate  = 2017-04-29
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| deadurl    = No
 
| quote      = The Akluvik was 60 feet (20 metres) in length and drew 6 feet (2 metres) of water. It was powered by a 35 hp Fairbanks-Morse engine. While it was not a particularly good freighter, carrying only 40-45 tons of cargo, it was considered an excellent vessel for the Arctic. A few years after the 1937 trip, the Akluvik caught fire and sank off Cambridge Bay.  
 
| quote      = The Akluvik was 60 feet (20 metres) in length and drew 6 feet (2 metres) of water. It was powered by a 35 hp Fairbanks-Morse engine. While it was not a particularly good freighter, carrying only 40-45 tons of cargo, it was considered an excellent vessel for the Arctic. A few years after the 1937 trip, the Akluvik caught fire and sank off Cambridge Bay.  
 
}}
 
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<ref name=KitikmeotHeritage>
 
<ref name=KitikmeotHeritage>
{{cite news
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{{cite news  
|url=http://www.kitikmeotheritage.ca/Angulalk/hudsons/scottyg/scotty.htm  
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| url         = http://www.kitikmeotheritage.ca/Angulalk/hudsons/scottyg/scotty.htm
|title=Scotty Gall  
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| title       = Scotty Gall
|publisher=[[Kitikmeot Heritage]]  
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| publisher   = [[Kitikmeot Heritage]]
|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20040721191932/http://www.kitikmeotheritage.ca/Angulalk/hudsons/scottyg/scotty.htm  
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| author      =
|archivedate=2004-07-21  
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| date        =
|accessdate=2017-04-29  
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| page        =
|url-status=dead
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| location    =
|quote=Scotty ended up in Fort Smith in May of 1923 helping to put an engine in the HBC schooner Aklavik.  
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| archiveurl = https://web-beta.archive.org/web/20040721191932/http://www.kitikmeotheritage.ca/Angulalk/hudsons/scottyg/scotty.htm
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| archivedate = 2004-07-21
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| accessdate = 2017-04-29
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| deadurl    = Yes
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| quote       = Scotty ended up in Fort Smith in May of 1923 helping to put an engine in the HBC schooner Aklavik.
 
}}
 
}}
 
</ref>
 
</ref>
 
<!-- https://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/archives/_docs/hbca/ships_histories/aklavik.pdf -->
 
 
}}
 
}}
  
[[Category:Hudson's Bay Company ships]]
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[[Category:Hudson's Bay Company vessels]]
[[Category:Transport in Nunavut]]
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[[Category:Water transport in the Northwest Territories]]
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[[Category:20th-century ships]]
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Revision as of 20:40, 4 March 2021

Aklavik, a Hudson's Bay Company cargo vessel, that may have made an unofficial transit of the Northwest Passage.

The Aklavik was a small cargo vessel the Hudson's Bay Company used to carry supplies, and furs, to and from its outposts in the high Arctic.[1] She was active in the first half of the 20th century.

Construction

A tractor tows the Aklavik over the Fort Smith portage, to her real launch, in 1923.

She was 60 feet (18 m) long, had a cargo capacity of about 45 tonnes, and was mainly propelled by sail, although she had a Template:Convert/shp auxiliary engine.[1][2]

The Aklavik was built in Vancouver, then shipped, by rail, to Fort McMurray, then the northernmost terminus of the North American railgrid. Up until the railgrid was extended to the riverport of Hay River, NWT, on Great Slave Lake, every vessel operating on, or transitting, the Mackenzie River, was shipped to Fort McMurray, then proceeded to a portage around the extensive rapids on the Slave River, near Fort Smith.[2] The Aklavik was towed from Fort McMurray to the portage, without any engines. Used engines were installed after she transitted the portage.

Operational history

She was frozen in, over-winter, in Bernard Harbour, in 1930, resulting in her sinking, but she was refloated.[2]

Some sources report that the Aklavik was actually the second vessel to traverse the Northwest Passage, in 1937, under the command of Scott Gall, not the RCMP schooner St. Roch.[1] According to the Hudson's Bay Company, however, since, after transitting the Bellot Strait, to Baffin Bay, she rendevoused with a larger ship in the Company's fleet, the Nascopie, transferred some cargo, and then turned around, stopping short of a full traverse of the passage.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "E. J. (Scotty) Gall". Arctic Profiles. p. 158. http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic41-2-156.pdf. Retrieved 2017-04-29. "The Akluvik was 60 feet (20 metres) in length and drew 6 feet (2 metres) of water. It was powered by a 35 hp Fairbanks-Morse engine. While it was not a particularly good freighter, carrying only 40-45 tons of cargo, it was considered an excellent vessel for the Arctic. A few years after the 1937 trip, the Akluvik caught fire and sank off Cambridge Bay." 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Scotty Gall". Kitikmeot Heritage. Archived from the original on 2004-07-21. https://web-beta.archive.org/web/20040721191932/http://www.kitikmeotheritage.ca/Angulalk/hudsons/scottyg/scotty.htm. Retrieved 2017-04-29. "Scotty ended up in Fort Smith in May of 1923 helping to put an engine in the HBC schooner Aklavik." 
  3. "Our History: Transportation & Technology: R.M.S. Nascopie". HBC Heritage. http://www.hbcheritage.ca/hbcheritage/history/transportation/nascopie/home. Retrieved 2017-04-29. "Named after First Nations people of Quebec and Labrador, Nascopie was designed and built in England at Wallsend on Tyne in 1911."